한국응용곤충학회 학술대회논문집 2008년도 정기총회 및 춘계학술발표회 (p.25-25)

|소모임(곤충생리연구회, 살충제분과연구회)|
PBAN and its receptor in the Diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.)

키워드 :
PBAN,PBAN receptor,Plutella xylostella,Sex pheromone,G-protein coupled receptor

초록

Many female moths produce and release sex pheromones to mate successfully with a conspecific male. Sex pheromone production in lepidopteran moth is known to be under the regulation of a pheromone biosynthesis activating neuropeptide (PBAN). A PBAN polypeptide is processed into five neuropeptides (NPs) after post-translational modification, resulting in diapause-like NP, PBAN, α-, β- and γ-NP. All of the peptides are amidated in their C-termini and shared a conserved motif, FXPR(or K)L structure. PBAN (Plx-PBAN) from Plutella xylostella consists of 30 amino acids, the shortest PBAN so far reported. When female adults were injected with synthetic Plx-PBAN, pheromone production showed a maximal increase 1 h post-injection. RT-PCR screening revealed that Plx-PBAN cDNA was expressed in both sexes, with the highest expression level in the head of female adults. Plx-PBAN binds to its receptor on pheromone gland cells. PBAN receptor has seven transmembranes, indicating G-protein coupled receptor family and transduces its signal via G-protein mediated signal transduction. Subsequently, calcium channels remain activated and stimulate biochemical reactions for sex pheromone production in the pheromone gland.