한국응용곤충학회 학술대회논문집 2008년도 정기총회 및 춘계학술발표회 (p.11-11)

|소모임(산업곤충연구회, 곤충분류연구회)|
Phylogenetic Relationships of the tribe Aphidini (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Based on Molecular Markers and Morphology

키워드 :
Aphididae,Aphidini,Aphidina,Rhopalosiphina,Aphis species-group,12S/16S,tRNA/COII,EF1α,Molecular marker,Morphology,Phylogeny

초록

A phylogeny of the tribe Aphidini (Hemiptera: Aphididae) was reconstructed using three molecular gene fragments: partial mitochondrial tRNA-leucine + cytochrome oxidase II (tRNA/COII), partial mitochondrial 12S + tRNA-valine + 16S (12S/16S), and nuclear elongation factor-1 alpha (EF1α) for a total of 41 species consisting of 37 representative species in Aphidini and 4 outgroup species in the tribe Macrosiphini. Also, to compare with the molecular analyses, a second phylogenetic reconstruction was performed using 41 morphological characters for equally weighted analysis. Minimum evolution, maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood, Bayesian phylogenetic analyses, and Bremer support test were performed for the phylogenetic construction. As our phylogenetic results were compared with the classical taxonomy based on morphological characteristics and biological data, we newly confirmed the following phylogenetic relationships within Aphidini: (1) each monophyletic subtribe of Aphidina and Rhopalosphina was supported by significant P values in the combined analysis, (2) contrary to the classical taxonomic position, Cryptosiphum should be moved to Macrosiphini because it is more closely related to Lipaphis and Brevicoryne in the myzine group of Macrosiphini, (3) The genus Toxoptera was possibly considered as a non-monophyletic group because three species were separately positioned in Aphidina, (4) In Rhopalosiphina, the genus Melanaphis was relatively divergent from three genera, Rhopalosiphum, Schizaphis and Hyalopterus, clustered in a strongly supported clade, (5) in the relationships among four the Aphis species-groups, which are accepted by most aphid taxonomists, most species except for some morphologically distinct species were separated to the two main lineages; the fabae-group was confirmed to be closely related with the spiraecola-group and craccivora-group, but the gossypii-group diverged as a monophyly from those three group.