문학과 종교 제21권 4호 (p.95-120)

안티고네, 아브라함, 그리고 괴물적 그리스도: 슬라보예 지젝이 말하는 문학과 종교 텍스트 속의 정치-윤리적 주체

키워드 :
Žižek,Lacan,Derrida,Deconstruction,Psychoanalysis.

초록

One major goal of Slavoj Žižek’s thought throughout his life works is to establish politico-ethical subject. Žižek’s paradoxical subject, just like Lacan’s subject that is a posteriori result of a subjectivation event, situates itself in this world but does not belong to this world. Since this kind of subject does not resolve itself into the Symbolic of this world but remain as a foreign element, it keeps a revolutionary potential against this worldly order. For Žižek, a revolutionary moment happens when ‘the Thing’ of the Real is identified with a subject and intrudes into the Symbolic. Antigone, Abraham, and the Christ are the main characters who represent Žižek’s politico-ethical subject. Žižek’s criticism against Buddhism and Derridean deconstruction does not look accurate and fair. Also Žižek’s ethic fails to distinguish between the good and the evil. Despite the weaknesses in his thought, Žižek’s psychoanalytical insight can provide positive contributions for understanding the hidden structure of subconsciousness connected to human subject and this worldly structures.