한국식품영양학회지 Vol. 30 No. 4 (p.689-695)

옴가열이 전분의 Pasting 특성에 미치는 영향

Effect of Ohmic Heating on Pasting Property of Starches
키워드 :
ohmic heating,conventional heating,starch,pasting property,rapid visco-analyzer

초록

Ohmic heating is an internal heating method based on the principle that when an electrical current passes through food, electric resistance heat is uniformly generated internally by food resistance. Previous studies indicate that the thermal properties, external structure, internal structure, and swelling power of ohmic heat treated starch of various starches, such as potato, wheat, corn, and sweet potato, differed from those of conventional heating at the same temperature.
In this study, the pasting property of starch, treated with ohmic and conventional heating, were measured by RVA (Rapid Visco-Analyzer). Our results show that as the ohmic heating temperature increased, the PV (Paste Viscosity) of the starch decreased significantly, and the PT (Pasting Temperature) increased. Changes in PV and PT indicate that the swelling of starch remains unchanged by ohm heating. The HPV (Hot Paste Viscosity), CPV (Cold Paste Viscosity) and SV (Setback Viscosity) of ohmic heated starch also differed from the conventional heated starch. The pasting property is similar to the viscosity curve of common cross-linked modified starch. In this experiment, we further confirm the similarity with modified starch and its usability.