한국식품영양학회지 Vol. 30 No. 4 (p.644-652)

중년성인의 아침식사 섭취빈도에 따른 영양상태 평가 - 2015년 국민건강영양조사 자료를 이용 -

Nutritional Status of Korean Middle-age Adults according to Breakfast Frequency - Based on the 2015 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey -
키워드 :
breakfast frequency,anthropometry status,nutritional status,hematological health

초록

In this study, we have analyzed the 2015 KNHANES to understand the nutritional and health status of Korean middle-age adults from the perspective of frequency of eating breakfast. Those that eat breakfast five to seven times a week were 76.3 percent (male) and 72.7 percent (female). Frequency of eating lunch and dinner, and eating out was significantly higher among male subjects. The higher the frequency of eating breakfast, the higher the frequency of eating lunch, dinner and eating out. Female subjects that ate breakfast five to seven times a week had lower height and weight compared with other groups, but there was no significant difference of BMI and waist circumference among the four groups. Adults that eat breakfast five to seven times a week had consumed more carbohydrates, dietary fiber, phosphorus, potassium and vitamin C regardless of gender, which validates the nutritional benefits of eating meals regularly. Male adults that ate breakfast five to seven times a week revealed lower levels of diastolic blood pressure and LDL-cholesterol compared with other groups, which validates eating breakfast regularly was beneficial to their health. In conclusion, it is necessary to eat regular meals daily relative to the nutritional status and health of Korean middle-age adults.