한국폐기물자원순환학회지 제 34권 제7호 (p.751-759)

폐 메탈할라이드 램프의 수은 무해화처리를 위한 단계적 파쇄

Staged Crushing of Spent Metalhalide Lamps to Treat Mercury Harmlessness
키워드 :
Mercury,Metal halide lamp,Staged crushing,Leaching test,DTG curve

초록

A metal halide lamp was developed to improve the performance of high pressure mercury lamps. In South Korea, these are used in street lamps, fishing lamps, and automobile headlights; however, these are not specified in Annex A part 1 of the MINAMATA convention. In this study, valuable materials were investigated in automobile headlights and street lights and were minimized to contaminate mercury via staged crushing. The staged crushing prevents mercury emissions in the crushing process. Thus, the mercury concentration in glass-type byproducts from waste HID lamps was increased from 260.29 mg-Hg/kg to 2,907.16 mg-Hg/kg. In addition, glass from waste street lamps was increased from 1,083.71 mg-Hg/kg to 14,101.95 mg-Hg/kg. In the case of street light crushing, mercury-containing glass waste decreased by 67%. The specific wastes from staged crushing were mainly glass type. In this material, mercury species vaporize at over 800°C. The elemental mercury was estimated to oxidize during its use and crushing. Therefore, to ensure the harmless treatment of specific wastes from staged crushing, treatment at over 800°C is recommended.