韓國食生活文化學會誌 제32권 제6호 (p.534-548)

요양병원 치매노인의 급식 만족도와 식품의 종류 및 조리법에 따른 선호도 조사

Foodservices Satisfaction and Food Preference According to the Types and Cooking methods of the Elderly with Dementia in a Geriatric Hospital
키워드 :
Elderly,dementia,foodservices satisfaction,food preference,geriatric hospital

목차

I. 서 론
II. 연구 내용 및 방법
  1. 조사대상 및 기간
  2. 연구내용 및 방법
  3. 자료처리 및 분석
III. 결과 및 고찰
  1. 일반적 특성
  2. 신체계측 및 혈압
  3. 급식 만족도
  3. 식품 선호도
IV. 요약 및 결론
References

초록

Elderly with dementia in geriatric hospitals (EDGH) are highly dependent on hospital meals. This study evaluated the foodservices satisfaction and food preference of the EDGH. The survey was conducted on 104 elderly with dementia (21 males and 83 females) in 4 geriatric hospitals in Seoul and Incheon in November, 2016. Data were collected from interviews using a questionnaire that consisted of 6 questions for foodservice satisfaction and 24 questions (10 categories) for food preference. The data were analyzed using SPSS ver. 20.0. The satisfaction with taste, saltiness, texture, and variety in foodservices was good, but the satisfaction with the amount was not, and the reason for leaving food was its large serving size. The subjects preferred soft boiled rice, noodles, porridges, meats, fish, seafood, vegetables, and fruits. Among them, they preferred more janchiguksu, red bean porridge, beef, croaker, oyster, spinach, and banana. Regarding the cooking methods, they preferred soup, grill, and boiling, but not frying. The also preferred Chinese cabbage kimchi, but they did not prefer hard kkakdugi. They did not prefer milk because of diarrhea, but they preferred yogurt. Therefore, to provide a satisfying meal for EDGH, it is necessary to develop a friendly diet considering their food preferences.