현대문법연구 제95권 (p.19-36)

한국어 부정극어와 부정어 의존성에 대한 실시간 문장 처리 실험 연구

키워드 :
filled gap effect,long distance wh-dependency,negative polarity items (NPIs),sentence processing typing mismatch effect,working memory

목차

1. 머리말
2. 이론적 배경 및 선행 연구
  2.1. 장거리 의존성 구문
  2.2. 부정극어
3. 실험연구방
  3.1. 실험 참여자
  3.2. 실험 자료
  3.3. 실험 가설과 예측
  3.4. 실험 절차
  3.5. 데이터 분석 방법
4. 연구 결과 및 논의
  4.1. 문장 이해 질문 정답률
  4.2. 읽기 시간
5. 요약 및 결론
참고문헌

초록

Sunyoung Lee. 2017. Online Processing of Dependency between an NPI and Negation in Korean. Studies in Modern Grammar 95, 19-36. The present study investigated online processing of syntactic dependency between a negative polarity item (NPI) and its negative licensor in Korean. A total of 32 adult native speakers of Korean participated in the study. The study employed a region-by-region, self-paced reading paradigm to measure online reading times. The results showed that as soon as a parser encountered an NPI in the sentence, it expected a negative element to come up at the earliest potential position. Slow reading times occurred at the first candidate site if such an expectation was not satisfied immediately. The findings of the study support the Filled Gap Effect in English (Fodor 1978; Crain and Fodor 1985; Stowe 1986; Frazier and Clifton 1989) and the Typing Mismatch Effect in Japanese (Miyamoto and Takahashi 2001, 2002); Aoshima et al. 2004; Ueno and Kluender 2010). The results suggest that the human parsers, despite the different structural properties of each language, use the similar sentence processing mechanism.