한국유기농업학회지 Vol.26 No.1 (p.99-128)

쌀 수급안정과 식량안보를 위한 친환경 저탄소 농업 전환방안

Environment-friendly and Low-Carbon Agriculture for Demand-Supply Control and Food Security of Korean Rice
키워드 :
food Security,profit analysis,rice,tillage,transplanting machine

목차

Ⅰ. 서 론
Ⅱ. 연구 방법
  1. 연구 자료
  2. 친환경 쌀 생산 시나리오 설정
Ⅲ. 결과 및 고찰
  1. 친환경과 저탄소 농업의 필요성
  2. 친환경 쌀 재배기술
  3. 저탄소 벼 부분경운 동시 이앙 재배기술
  4. 벼 친환경 재배 전환 시나리오별 효과
Ⅳ. 적 요
References

초록

The cultivation area of rice as staple grains is decreasing in the domestic situation in Korea. Import volume of a duty in foreign rice is 409,000 tons for a year regardless increasing of production per unit area and decreasing of rice consumption. The total stock of rice is increasing cumulatively despite the effort for production mediation of rice. Therefore, maintenance of cultivation area and reduction of production are necessary for national foodstuffs security problems. Development of environment-friendly and low-carbon technology as alternative of global warming and aging of farm labor power is very important responsibility for descendants with creation of sustainable agriculture environment. As alternative for demand and supply stabilization of rice from all angles, first stage: extension of environment-friendly cultivation area as 17% Jeollanam-do level with maintenance of cultivation area under the present circumstances, second stage: extension of environment-friendly cultivation area as 25%, third stage: extension of environmentfriendly cultivation area as 35%. From above mentioned scenario, reduction of rice production (60,000 tons), increases of production cost (59,200,000,000 Won), and reduction of income (201,500,000,000 Won) are estimated in first stage. Reduction of rice production (90,000 tons), increases of production cost (122,100,000,000 Won), and reduction of income (313,700,000,000 Won) are estimated in second stage. Reduction of rice production (380,000 tons), increases of production cost (222,000,000,000 Won), and reduction of income (464,500,000,000 Won) are estimated in third stage. From analysis results for partial tillage in transplanting cultivation complex (10ha), rice production is decreased 1.3~1.5 ton by complex. Production cost of rice is decreased and increases of income cultivation type. Gradual extension of environment-friendly agriculture and low-carbon partial tillage could be expected for environment maintenance of the territorial integrity, confidence of consumer, and high-efficiency of low-cost.