한국자원식물학회지 Vol.30 No.6 (p.590-600)

Variation in Agronomic Traits and Fatty Acid Compositions of the Seed Oil in Germplasm Collection of Brassica spp.

키워드 :
Brassica,Fatty acid,Silique,Variation,Yield

목차

Abstract
Introduction
Materials and Methods
  Plant materials
  Observation on agronomic characters
  HPLC analysis for fatty acids
  Statistical analyses
Results and Discussion
  Variation in oil compositions
  Correlation among the agronomic characters
  Relationship among fatty acid compositions
  PCA on agronomic characters and fatty acid compositions
References

초록

A total of 447 accessions consisting of seven Brassica spp.; Brassica carinata (34), B. juncea (199), B. rapa subsp. dichotoma (18), B. rapa. subsp. oleifera (14), B. rapa subsp. rapa (36), B. rapa subsp. trilocularis (56) and B. alba subsp. alba (90) were studied for their morphological characters and fatty acid compositions. There was a wide variation for morphological traits, oil content and fatty acid composition among Brassica species. Seed number/silique and yield/plant were varied from 4.2 (B. alba) to 25.1 (B. rapa subsp. trilocularis) and from 170.7 g (B. rapa subsp. oleifera) to 351.9 g (B. juncea L. Czern.), respectively. Among Brassica species, B. rapa subsp. trilocularis exhibited the highest oil (29.2%), stearic (20.4%) and erucic acid (45.3%) content. B. carinata had the highest content of palmitic (5.2%), oleic (21.2%) and linolenic acid (11.1%). B. rapa subsp. dichotoma and B. rapa subsp. oleifera exhibited the highest content of linoleic (8.1%) and behenic (26.9%) acid, respectively. B. rapa subsp. trilocularis exhibited the highest (45.3%) erucic acid content and significant positive relationship was observed between oleic acid and linoleic acid. This variation of agronomic and fatty acid compositions in Brassica species can be utilized to develop new varieties.