한국폐기물자원순환학회지 제35권 제3호 (p.191-201)

유럽연합국가에서 매립세가 폐기물 관리에 미치는 영향 고찰

Review on Impact of Landfill Tax for Waste Management in EU Countries
키워드 :
Circular economy,Waste management,Landfill tax,Resource Circulation Act

목차

Abstract
I. 서 론
II. 유럽연합 폐기물관리 정책 동향
  1. 순환경제패키지
  2. 매립세
III. 매립세 도입 국가별 폐기물 관리 현황
  1. 영국
  2. 프랑스
  3. 이탈리아
  4. 네덜란드
  5. 스웨덴
  6. 스위스
  7. 덴마크
  8. 핀란드
  9. 노르웨이
IV. 결 론
References

초록

In 2018 the South Korean Government introduced the Resource Circulation Act that included a landfill levy (tax) in order to reduce the amount of waste going to landfill sites and to promote recycling. The objective of this study is to examine the negative and positive effects of landfill tax on national waste management by reviewing case studies from the European Union (EU). In December 2015, the European Commission proposed the Circular Economy Package that sets ambitious recycling rates of 65% and a maximum 10% landfill rate for municipal wastes by 2030, and the European Commission decided that the landfill tax could help move towards these aims. Indeed since the late 1990s, most of the countries in the European Union have introduced landfill taxes. Landfill rates of these countries showed a tendency to decrease gradually. Currently the landfill rates for the Netherlands, Sweden, Denmark and Norway are less than 5%, and those for the UK, France and Italy have fallen below 30%. However, the landfill tax also had negative effects. In the case of the Netherlands, too little waste was sent to landfills, and private companies can no longer profit. Consequently the companies will not be able to fulfil their financial obligations for closure and aftercare. Thus, based on the results of this study, it is necessary to further consider the landfill levy in Korea.