동아시아경관연구(구 휴양 및 경관연구) 제12권 제1호 (p.83-94)

Effectiveness of South Korean Planning Methods Transplanted to Landscape Management in the Kaesong Industrial District in North Korea

키워드 :
Kaesong Industrial Distirct,Landscape Management,Planning Methods,Space Planning,North Korea

목차

ABSTRACT
1. Introduction
2. The Historical Context of LandscapeManagement in Kaesong IndustrialDistrict
  2.1 The Development Process of KaesongIndustrial District
  2.2 Kaesong Industrial District ConstructionGuidelines
  2.3 Model Complex to Experiment withLandscape Management
3. Opinions on Landscape Managementof North and South Korea
  3.1 North Korea’s Spatial Planning DecisionStructure
  3.2 Transplantation of South Korean IndustrialDistrict Unit Planning Methods
4. District Unit Planning Methods asLandscape Management Methods
  4.1 The framework of Landscape Managementin Kaesong Industrial District
  4.2 Elevation and Form Management Methods
  4.3 Building Arrangement Management Methods
  4.4 Pedestrian Walk and Green Connection
  4.5 Fence/Color/Outdoor Advertisement
5. Effects of Landscape Management inKaesong Industrial District
  5.1 Opposition from First Residence Companies
  5.2 North Korean Awareness and Evaluation
  5.3 South Korean Awareness and Evaluation
  5.4 Succession of the Management Committee'sLandscape Management Methods
6. Conclusions
References

초록

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the mechanism of the physical environment of North Korea’s Kaesong Industrial District in terms of landscape management. It also assesses how such a mechanism has been created and the effectiveness of the results. As a research method, we compared the architectural design and landscape management guidelines of fifteen companies in the initial complex of Kaesong Industrial District. The results follow. First, advanced spatial planning, such as landscape management, has contributed greatly to preparing the physical environment of Kaesong Industrial District to be a future-oriented economic special zone. Second, the landscape management methods that do not apply to the manufacturing complex were first transplanted to the North Korean Kaesong Industrial District ten years before they were adopted in South Korea. Third, officials of the two Koreas have generally recognized the necessity and effectiveness of landscape management. Fourth, the necessity of landscape management methods further developed at Kaesong Industrial District, as well as the means of implementation, will continue to be a positive precedent for future inter-Korean economic cooperation projects. However, some problems were found in the process of formulating and executing the landscape management plan. First, despite the fact that it is a national project in which the central government of directly intervenes, it is an impromptu progress without preparation of each special field, including landscape plan. Second, although Kaesong Industrial District is an inter-Korean economic cooperation project, North and South Korea have never been cooperative in specialty areas such as landscape management.