한국폐기물자원순환학회지 제35권 제6호 (p.515-524)

|Original Paper|
커피 잔재물을 이용한 하향류식 고정층 반응기에서의 가스화 적용 가능성 평가

Assessment of Gasification Applicability in a Downdraft Fixed Bed Reactor to Coffee Residues
키워드 :
Coffee residue,Gasification,Cold gas efficiency,Carbon conversion rate,Tar

목차

Abstract
I. 서 론
II. 실험재료 및 방법
  1. 시료의 선정
  2. 열적기초특성분석
  3. 가스화실험
III. 결과 및 고찰
  1. 열적기초특성분석
  2. 가스화실험
  3. 커피 잔재물과 톱밥 가스화의 비교
IV. 결 론
References

초록

In this study, to cope with the renewable portfolio standard system, a thermochemical process was applied to coffee residues. After the basic thermal characteristics analysis, it was judged that the gasification process could be applied because the volatile matter in coffee residues was high. The temperature and equivalent air ratio were set by using the data and the gasification characteristics with varying equivalent ratios were evaluated. Also, the experiments were conducted in a downdraft fixed bed reactor which was easy to operate and generates less tar. The best experimental results at equivalent ratio of 0.3 were obtained with syngas composition, lower heating value of product gas, gas yield, and tar yield of 16.94%, 1,410 kcal/Nm3, 2.04 Nm3/kg and 33.33 mg/L respectively. Also, cold gas efficiency and carbon conversion rate as the most important indicators of gasifier performance were 63.83% and 88.59% respectively. Comparing the gasification characteristics with sawdust in the same reactor, the value of coffee residue was higher in the cold gas efficiency but the amount of tar was higher. However, we could apply the gasification technology to coffee residues if we carried out studies to improve the gasification efficiency and to reduce the amount of tar. Furthermore, we take into consideration the fact that the supply of coffee residues was insufficient to use as a single feedstock and the consequent necessity to study the means of using it with other available fuel materials.