한국폐기물자원순환학회지 제35권 제6호 (p.481-492)

|Special Original Paper|
수입 폐전기전자제품의 유해성 적용 기준에 관한 고찰

Application Criteria of Hazard Characteristics on the Import of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipments
키워드 :
WEEEs,PCB,Hazardous Characteristic,Basel Convention

목차

Abstract
I. 서 론
II. 연구 및 방법
III. 결과 및 고찰
  1. 유해물질의 확인
  2. 유해물질별 유해특성의 확인
  3. 국내 유해폐기물의 수입 및 기준
IV. 결 론
References

초록

The purpose of this study is to provide environmentally sound management on the import of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEEs) by investigating the hazardous elements, and the hazardous characteristics thereof, in this waste, and by reviewing the extant criteria causing them to exhibit an Annex III characteristic on Basel Convention. The investigation of imported WEEEs found that the importing volume has gradually increased since 2009 and 95.9% of imported WEEEs, which are mainly classified as Printed Circuit Board (PCB) and its scrap in 2015, is designated as restriction wastes. Also, it is important to designate and unify the hazardous element list and the characteristics of WEEEs because the analytical items and their test methods submitted in the test report are designated differently for each local authority. We confirmed that three kinds of criteria are applied to determine whether the target wastes are hazardous or not: the content criteria for 8 kinds of elements on import bans of wastes, the content criteria for 8 kinds of elements sufficient for allowing wastes to be imported, and the leaching criteria for 13 kinds of elements to classified as a specified waste. Among them, five elements (hexavalent chromium, arsenic, cadmium, lead, and mercury) are managed for the WEEEs in Korea. Therefore, it is necessary to catalog the total contents of hazardous chemicals caused by hazardous characteristics of other elements (beryllium, antimony, etc.), as can happen to WEEEs.