외국어교육 제25권 제3호 (p.23-51)

Use of the Present Perfect by Korean Learners of English: A Descriptive Case Study

키워드 :
English present perfect,tense and aspect,L2 writing,Korean learners of English,영어 현재완료,시제와 상,제2언어 작문,한국인 영어 학습자

목차

I. Introduction
II. Literature Review
  1. The Present Perfect in English
  2. The Aspect Hypothesis
  3. Previous Studies
III. Method
  1. Participants
  2. Data Collection
  3. Data Analysis
IV. Results and Discussion
  1. Distribution of the Present Perfect
  2. Misuse in the Present Perfect
  3. The Verb Use in the Present Perfect
V. Conclusion
References

초록

This paper examines the use of the present perfect by Korean learners of English. Forty-four first grade high school students and eleven college students participated and wrote an essay on a given topic. The writing samples were analyzed in terms of the appropriate, inappropriate uses of the present perfect and the relations between the inherent lexical aspects and the form use. The results showed that the learners used the present perfect in a good sense with appropriate perfect types. Most of them were accompanied with temporal adverbials such as since or so far. In addition, they also showed many misuses with past, present, and pluperfect for the present perfect, revealing that they tended to encode only one temporal part of the present perfect. Regarding the use of the aspectual verb, activities and states occurred more in the use of the present perfect in the students’ writings. Based on these results, pedagogical implications were suggested.