외국어교육 제25권 제3호 (p.79-105)

신자유주의 언어정책에 관한 비판적 고찰과 대안 담론의 모색

Exploring the neoliberal language policy and alternative discourses
키워드 :
language policy and planning,neoliberalism,ideology,critical theory,언어정책 및 계획,신자유주의,이데올로기,비판이론

목차

I. 서론
II. 신자유주의 기반의 언어정책과 핵심 원리
  1. 언어시장에서 가치, 경제주의
  2. 시행적 편의성, 합리주의
  3. 테크노폴리의 구축, 기술중심주의
  4. 이질화된 사회 통합의 기제, 단일언어주의
III. 대항적 담론의 출현과 재구성
  1. 접촉의 언어, 링구아 프랑카
  2. 공존하는 언어들, 생태적 언어환경
  3. 유희와 중첩성의 언어사용, 도시언어현상
  4. 레파토리의 구축, 횡단적 언어실천
IV. 신자유주의 통치성을 견제할 네 가지 학술적 과업
  1. 비판이론, 비판적 담론분석 연구방법에 지원
  2. 후기구조주의 지식전통의 개척
  3. 신자유주의를 경계하는 탈식민주의와 접합
  4. 언어-자원 담론의 발굴
V. 결론
참고문헌

초록

In recent decades, there has been a tendency to frame language abilities as a set of technical skills that can be defined, quantified, measured, predicted and ultimately controlled. Language Policy and Planning (LPP), which is commodified, over-rationalized, technologized, and monolingually driven, has led to the current conventions of developing curriculum, materials, and tests of language learning in multicultural education. The purpose of this study is to examine the neoliberal (dominant) and alternative discourses on the LPP in Korean linguistic societies. It was firstly discussed that the neoliberal discourses have been ideologically embedded with economism, rationalism, technocentrism, and neoliberalism. Then the alternative discourses were explored through relevant literature in lingua franca, ecological linguistic environment, metrolingualism, and translingual practice. It was argued that neoliberally driven LPP restricts the use of different languages other than Korean-only or English-only, and, therefore, discriminate lingua franca users, metrolingual, ecolinguals, and translinguals. Following the critical views on the current LPP, further research issues regarding postcolonial translingualism, critical discourse analysis, poststructuralism, language-as-resource ideologies were suggested. As the neoliberal approach to LPP has become a common phenomenon, the meaningfulness should be seriously questioned in fast-approaching multicultural contexts of communication in Korea.