한국환경과학회지 제27권 제11호 (p.1007-1021)

|ORIGINAL ARTICLE|
기계천의 저서성대형무척추동물 군집동태와 생물학적 수질평가

Community Dynamics of Benthic Macroinvertebrates and Biological Evaluation of Water Quality from Gigyecheon
키워드 :
Benthic macroinvertebrates,Community analysis,Biological evaluation,Water quality,Gigyecheon

목차

Abstract
1. 서 론
2. 재료 및 방법
  2.1. 조사지점 및 조사 시기
  2.2. 조사방법
  2.3. 군집구조 및 기능군 분석
3. 결과 및 고찰
  3.1. 저서성 대형무척추동물의 서식 현황
  3.2. 군집분석
  3.3. 기능군 분석
  3.4. 생물학적 수질평가
4. 결 론
REFERENCES

초록

Community dynamics of benthic macroinvertebrates and biological evaluation of water quality were investigated at Gigyecheon of Pohang and Gyeongju, Korea. The survey was carried out at 8 sites from May to October, 2017. As a result, total of 104 species under 54 families, 15 orders, 8 classes in 4 phyla with 5,052 individuals were revealed. The number of species was the most abundantly identified in aquatic insects, 76 species under 34 families, 6 orders. Among them, the order Odonata was the most abundant taxon as 21 species(20.2%). The most abundant individuals were collected in the phylum Mollusca as 1,453 individuals(28.8%). Various species appeared dominantly at each site by season, and the most dominant species was Caridina denticulata denticulata belonging to the class Malacostraca with 0.08 of dominance index. According to the results of community structure analyses, the diversity and richness indices were the highest at site Ⅱ, the evenness index was the highest at site Ⅰ, and the dominance index was the highest at site Ⅳ. The number of species and individuals of gathering collectors were the highest among functional feeding groups. Those of sprawlers were the highest among habitat orientation groups. The ESB showed a tendency to change according to season and site, and it was the highest in May at most surveyed sites. The KSI was also somewhat fluctuated according to season and site. From these indices, average biological water quality was evaluated as class Ⅱ.