한국환경과학회지 제27권 제11호 (p.1129-1140)

|ORIGINAL ARTICLE|
최근 10년간(2007~2016년) 한반도 대도시 일기유형 빈도의 시·공간 특성 및 유형별 대기질 변화 분석

Spatio-temporal Characteristics of the Frequency of Weather Types and Analysis of the Related Air Quality in Korean Urban Areas over a Recent Decade (2007-2016)
키워드 :
Weather types,Mist,Haze,Dust,Long-term period,Air quality,Geographic and environmental characteristics

목차

Abstract
1. 서 론
2. 재료 및 방법
3. 결과 및 고찰
  3.1. 장기간 일기유형의 빈도 및 변화 특성
  3.2. 일기유형에 따른 대기오염물질 농도 변화 특성
4. 요약 및 결론
REFERENCES

초록

Temporal and spatial characteristics of the frequency of several weather types and the change in air pollutant concentrations according to these weather types were analyzed over a decade (2007-2016) in seven major cities and a remote area in Korea. This analysis was performed using hourly (or daily) observed data of weather types (e.g., mist, haze, fog, precipitation, dust, and thunder and lighting) and air pollutant criteria (PM10, PM2.5, O3, NO2, CO, and SO2). Overall, the most frequent weather type across all areas during the study period was found to be mist (39%), followed by precipitation (35%), haze (17%), and the other types (≤ 4%). In terms of regional frequency distributions, the highest frequency of haze (26%) was in Seoul (especially during winter and May-June), possibly due to the high population and air pollutant emission sources, while that of precipitation (47%) was in Jeju (summer and winter), due to its geographic location with the sea on four sides and a very high mountain. PM10 concentrations for dust and haze were significantly higher in three cities (up to 250 μg/m3 for dust in Incheon), whereas those for the other four types were relatively lower. The concentrations of PM2.5 and its major precursor gases (NO2 and SO2) were higher (up to 69 μg/m3, 48 ppb, and 16 ppb, respectively, for haze in Incheon) for haze and/or dust than for the other weather types. On the other hand, there were no distinct differences in the concentrations of O3 and CO for the weather types. The overall results of this study confirm that the frequency of weather types and the related air quality depend on the geographic and environmental characteristics of the target areas.