한국응용과학기술학회지(구 오일 및 응용과학 학회지) Vol. 35 No. 4 (p.1413-1420)

일대학 간호학 전공 학생의 구강건강신념과 구강건강행태

Oral Health Belief and Oral Health Behaviors in nursing college students
키워드 :
구강건강신념,구강건강행태,방문의도,희망교육내용,간호학생,Oral Health Belief,Oral Health Behaviors,Intent to visit,Requirement content,Nursing Students

목차

요약
Abstract
1. 서론
2. 연구 방법
3. 연구결과
4. 논의
5. 결론 및 제언
References

초록

본 연구는 간호학생의 구강건강에 관해 알아보고자 시행되었고, 207명을 대상으로 자가 보고식 설문을 진행하였다. 연구결과 지난 1년간 치과를 방문한 학생은 64.3% 였고, 치과 방문 이유는 정기검진이 25.9%, 충치치료가 23.5%이었다. 치과를 방문하지 않는 이유는 ‘덜 중요해서’가 12.6%로 가장 많았고, ‘치과 가기가 두려워서’가 10.6%로 나타났다. 하루동안 평균 잇솔질 횟수는 3.1회 이었으며 잇솔질 시간은 2~3분이 56.0%를 차지했다. 그러나 치과 방문 의도에 관한 질문에는 ‘치료 받을 때만’이 51.7%고 가장 많았고, ‘통증이 있을 때만’도 10.1%나 되었다. 구강교육을 받을 용의에 대해서는 54.6%가 ‘그렇다’고 응답하였고, 구강교육 희망내용으로는 ‘미백’이 34.5%로 가장 많았고, ‘구취예방’이 19.2% 이었다. 구강건강정보 획득 경로로는 ‘인터넷’이 42.0%로 가장 많았고, ‘가족이나 친구’가 25.6%로 나타났다. 구강건강신념 중 감수성은 2.47점, 심각성은 2.00점, 유익성은 4.03점으로 나타났다. 치과치료가 필요했지만 치료를 받지 않은 학생에 비해 치료받은 학생에서 구강건강신념이 높게 나타났고(p<.001), 충치가 없는 학생에 비해 충치가 있는 학생에서 구강건강신념이 높게 나타났다(p<.001). 충치 개수와 감수성(r=.330, p=.002), 심각성(r=.25, p=.019)은 유의한 상관관계가 있었다. 본 연구 결과를 토대로 간호대학생의 구강건강을 위한 효과적인 프로그램 개발에 활용할 필요가 있다고 사료된다.
This study was conducted to provide the information for the promotion of oral health in nursing students. The subjects were 207 in female students for self-administered questionnaires. The percentage of subject to visit dental clinic was 64.3%, to Regular checkup was 25.9%, cure of caries was 23.5% for last one year. The percentage of reasons not treated ‘less importance’ were 12.6%, ‘fear of the dental clinic’ was 10.6%. The average number of brushing teeth were 3.1. 56.0% students brush their teeth for two ~ three minutes. But intention of visit to the dentist were ‘only when treated’ was 51.7%, ‘only when there is pain’ was 10.1%. The intention of oral education was 54.6%, the content of the desired education ‘whitening’ were 34.5%, ‘prevention of bad breath’ was 19.2%. Dental health information acquisition path ‘internet’ were 42.0%, ‘family or friends’ was 25.6%. Susceptibility was 2.47 points, severity was 2.00 points, benefit was 4.03 points in oral health belief. Compared to students who needed dental treatment but did not receive treatment, oral health beliefs were higher among those who were treated(p<.001), students with cavities showed a higher level of oral health belief than those without cavities(p<.001). There was significant corelation between ‘number of caries’ and susceptibility(r=.330, p=.002), severity(r=.25, p=.019). The result should be reflected in the development of effective program for nursing students’ oral health care.