한국식품위생안전성학회지 Vol.34 No.3 (p.290-295)

Mousse cake와 Tiramisu에 인위접종된 Salmonella Typhimurium의 식품공전 분리배지, Real-time PCR과 Loop-mediated isothermal amplification-bioluminescence의 검출 특성 비교

Comparison of Isolation Agar Method, Real-Time PCR and Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification-Bioluminescence for the Detection of Salmonella Typhimurium in Mousse Cake and Tiramisu
키워드 :
3M molecular detection system,Real-time PCR,Validation,Salmonella,Rapid detection

목차

ABSTRACT
Materials and Methods
Results and Discussion
국문요약
References

초록

최근 한국에서 발생한 Salmonella로 인한 식중독 사고 는 2018년 9월 학교급식에서 제공된 초콜릿 무스 케이크가 원인이 되었다. 이 연구의 목적은 Salmonella Typhimurium이 인위적으로 접종된 무스케이크와 티라미수에서 3M Molecular Detection Assay 2 –Salmonella와 식품공전에 등재된 방법인 분리배지와 real-time PCR을 비교하는 것이었다. 무스케이크 2종과 티라미수 2종 25 g에 225 mL BPW를 넣고 37oC에서 24시간 동안 증균 배양하 였다. 배양 후, 3M Molecular Detection Assay 2 – Salmonella, 분리배지 그리고 real-time PCR로 분석하였다. 초콜릿 무스 케이크를 제외하고 3가지 방법은 유사한 결 과를 보였다. 초콜릿 무스 케이크에서 분리배지와 3M Molecular Detection Assay 2 –Salmonella는 모든 접종수 준에서 동일한 결과를 나타낸 반면 real-time PCR은 104 CFU/25g수준에서 1번의 양성결과를 제외하고 모두 검출 되지 않았다. 초콜릿 무스에 S. Typhimurium을 102 CFU/ 25 g 수준으로 접종하였을때, real-time PCR를 이용한 검출은 15%에서는 부분적인 음성을 나타냈고, 20-100% 함량의 초콜릿 무스에서는 모두 음성이었다. Real-time PCR 로는 chocolate이 15% 이상 함유된 식품에서의 Salmonella 균 검출이 불가능하였지만, LMAP 기반의 3M Molecular Detection Assay 2으로는 chocolate 농도에 관계없이 검출이 가능하였다.
Salmonella spp. are frequently associated with food and are among the most important foodborne pathogens. The recent Salmonella out breaks in Korea was associated with chocolate mousse cakes served with school meals during September 2018. The objective of this research was to compare the 3M Molecular Detection Assay 2 - Salmonella and the Korean Standard Method of Salmonella in artificially inoculated mousse (chocolate and cheese) and tiramisu cakes. Mousse (chocolate and cheese) and tiramisu cakes were artificially inoculated with S. Typhimurium. Twenty five gram of sample was enriched with 225 mL buffered peptone water for incubation at 37oC for 24 h. After enrichment, the cultures were analyzed by using the 3M Molecular Detection Assay 2 - Salmonella and the Korean Standard Method. Most of the inoculated samples showed similar results except the chocolate mousse cakes, in which real-time PCR was unable to detect S. Typhimurium even after 104 CFU/25 g of inoculation. However, S. Typhimurium inoculated at a concentration of 100 CFU/25 g was detected by using 3M Molecular Detection Assay 2 - Salmonella. In chocolate mousse, detection of S. Typhimurium using real-time PCR was partially successful when dark chocolate was added at less than 15%. Negative results in real-time PCR and 3M Molecular Detection Assay 2 – Salmonella were confirmed by gel electrophoresis. The data indicated that dark chocolate could inhibit amplification of the target gene in the PCR reactions. In conclusion, the 3M Molecular Detection Assay 2 - Salmonella was better than the Korean Standard Method (real-time PCR) for the detection of S. Typhimurium in chocolate mousse cakes and chocolate mousse.