한국식품영양학회지 Vol. 32 No. 3 (p.216-225)

중년남성의 직업에 따른 영양섭취실태와 건강지표의 비교 - 2013년~2016년 국민건강영양조사 자료 이용 -

Nutrients Intake and Health Indices by Occupation in Middle-Aged Men - Using the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2013-2016 -
키워드 :
middle-aged men,nutrients intake,health indices,prevalence of chronic diseases

목차

Abstract
서 론
연구 대상 및 방법
  1. 연구대상
  2 연구내용
  3. 통계분석
결과 및 고찰
  1. 인구사회학적 특성
  2. 건강관련 요인
  3. 식행동
  4. 영양소 섭취량
  5. 신체적 지표
  6. 생화학적 지표
  7. 주관적 건강상태와 만성질환 유병률
요약 및 결론
References

초록

The objective of this study was to compare nutrients intake, health indices, and prevalence of chronic diseases by occupation in middle-aged men, using results from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The subjects were divided into two groups by their occupation (Office worker (OW) and Agri-fishery worker (AFW)) and their percentages were 75.5% and 24.5% respectively. In health-related factors, drinking rate was higher in OW (p<0.001), while smoking rate was higher in AFW (p<0.001). Walking and strength exercise were both higher in OW group. In dietary behavior, the rate of skipping breakfast and eating out was higher in OW (p<0.001). Food supplement usage were consumed by OW more than AFW (p<0.001). Daily energy intake was higher in AFW (p<0.05). There were significant differences in nutrient density per 1,000 kcal of minerals and vitamins between the two groups (p<0.05~p<0.001), except calcium, potassium, vitamin A and thiamin. In body weight, BMI, waist circumference and blood pressures, OW was higher than AFW (p<0.05~p<0.001). Whereas, HDL and LDL-cholesterol were higher in AFW (p<0.001). The prevalence of diabetes was higher in AFW (p<0.001). The results of this study can be used as data to establish nutrition and health strategies for occupation in middle-aged men.