외국어교육 제26권 제2호 (p.143-168)

중국어 학습동기 변화에 관한 일기연구: 행위이론 관점에서

A diary study of motivational changes in learning Chinese: From an Activity theory perspective.
키워드 :
Chinese learning motivation,sociocultural perspective,Activity Theory,autobiographic diary,중국어 학습동기,사회문화적 관점,행위이론,자전적 일기,汉语学习动机,社会文化角度,活动理论,自传日记

목차

I. 서론
II. 이론적 배경 및 선행연구
   1. 제2언어 학습동기와 행위이론
   2. 중국어 학습동기에 관한 선행연구
III. 연구 방법
   1. 연구 참여자
   2. 자료 수집
   3. 자료 분석
Ⅳ. 연구 결과
   1. 중국어 학습동기 변화과정
   2. 중국어 학습동기 변화과정에 영향을 미치는 요인
Ⅴ. 결론 및 제언
참고문헌

초록

Despite the extensive research on second language learning motivation, very little research has been conducted with Chinese learning motivation and the focus of the research has been limited mainly to identifying types of motivation. Considering the popularity of Chinese as a second language and the lack of research on Chinese learning motivation, the study aims to illustrate the process of motivational changes in learning Chinese from the sociocultual perspective. The data were collected from the researcher’s own autobiographic diary written while she was learning Chinese. Using the framework of an Activity Theory, the data were analyzed to find factors affecting the participant’s motivatonal changes. The findings indicate that the participant’s motivation was affected by dynamic interaction of mediational tools, relationships within the community, and different roles of the learner. The findings imply that the level of motivation is affected by how the learner resolves the tensions among those factors to move forward to the goal of becoming a multilingual speaker. The study may provide a methodological insight into L2 motivation research by analyzing and describing a longitudinal Chinese learning experience from a first-person point of view.
在第二语言习得的研究领域中,第二语言学习动机的研究为最广泛研究的课题 之一。而除了英语之外,对其他第二语言学习动机的研究并不多。最近随着汉 语作为第二语言受到越来越多的关注,学习汉语的人也大大增加了。目前对汉 语学习动机的研究却十分不足,其研究领域也仅仅限于识别汉语学习动机的类 型。从这一点来看,有必要了解学习者在学习汉语的过程中所经历的动机变化及 影响这些变化过程的主要因素。本研究旨在从社会文化的角度阐释汉语学习动 机变化的过程。这些资料来自研究人员在学习汉语时所写的自传日记。利用活 动理论的框架,就资料进行分析并找出影响学习者动力变化的因素。研究结果 表明, 汉语学习动机受到以下几点因素的影响,即学习目标,能够具体实现这一 目标的媒介工具, 学习者和教授者之间的关系及学习者的不同角色。本研究证 明,第二语言学习动机取决于如何设定学习目标, 如何解决学习者在实现目标过 程中所遇到的问题。本研究的意义在于从第一人称的视角分析第二语言学习动 机的变化因素,从而为第二语言学习动机的研究提供了一种崭新的观点。