상하수도학회지 제33권 제4호 (p.291-297)

잉여 슬러지의 마이크로웨이브 가온과 MAP 결정화를 이용한 인산염 회수

Recovery of phosphorus from waste activated sludge by microwave heating and MAP crystallization
키워드 :
Magnesium ammonium phosphate,MAP,Microwave heating,Phosphorus recovery,Polyphosphate-accumulating organisms,PAOs,Waste activated sludge,WAS,인산암모늄마그네슘,마이크웨이브 가온,인 회수,폴리인산 축적 미생물,폐활성슬러지

목차

ABSTRACT
1. 서 론
2. 재료 및 실험방법
2.1 인산염의 방출 및 회수
2.2 물리・화학적 분석
3. 결 과
3.1 잉여 슬러지 가온과 인산염 방출
3.2 암모니아의 거동
3.3 영양물질의 회수
3.4 MAP 결정체 구성과 중금속 함량
4. 결 론
References

초록

Phosphorus is a vital resource for sustaining agriculture and nutrition, but a limited non-renewable resource. Thus, the recovery of phosphorus from waste activated sludge(WAS) was attempted by microwave heating and magnesium ammonium phosphorus(MAP) crystallization. Polyphosphate-accumulating organisms(PAOs) in WAS release phosphate from the cell when they are exposed to high temperature environments. Microwave heating caused phosphorus and ammonia to release from WAS. The amount was increased with increasing temperature, showing that 88.5% of polyphosphate present in the cells were released in the form of phosphate at 80oC. A similar result was also observed in the release of ammonia. On the other hand, both phosphorus and ammonia were crystallized with magnesium, and then was harvested as MAP. Phosphorus recovery rate reached almost 97.8%, but the ammonia was about 13.4%. These results cleary indicate that phosphorus could be recovered from WAS using a physiological trait of PAOs. Heavy metal analyses also show that the MAP crystal is useful and safe as a phosphorus fertilizer.