한국지구과학회지 제40권 제4호 (p.340-352)

|Review|
Bringing Computational Thinking into Science Education

키워드 :
computational thinking,STEAM,scientific literacy,science education,solve the problem

목차

Abstract
The Purpose of Science Educationin the 21st Century
   Scientific Literacy with computational thinking
   The necessity of computational thinking fornew era in science education
Computational Thinking inScience Education
   The characteristics of computational thinkingin science education
   CT is an explicit skill in two steps of abstracting
   CT consists of concrete components/practicesto be observable and measurable
   CT is a catalyst for STEAM education
   CT is a cognitive process to be learned
The Implication of ComputationalThinking in Science Education
References

초록

The purpose of science education is scientific literacy, which is extended in its meaning in the 21st century. Students must be equipped with the skills necessary to solve problems from the community beyond obtaining the knowledge from curiosity, which is called ‘computational thinking’. In this paper, the authors tried to define computational thinking in science education from the view of scientific literacy in the 21st century; (1) computational thinking is an explicit skill shown in the two steps of abstracting the problems and automating solutions, (2) computational thinking consists of concrete components and practices which are observable and measurable, (3) computational thinking is a catalyst for STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts, and Mathematics) education, and (4) computational thinking is a cognitive process to be learned. More implication about the necessity of including computational thinking and its emphasis in implementing in science teaching and learning for the envisioned scientific literacy is added.