산업경영시스템학회지 Vol. 42 No. 3 (p.15-24)

Cooperative Game Theory Application for Three-Echelon Supply Chain

3단계 공급사슬게임을 위한 협조적 게임이론의 적용
키워드 :
Cooperative Game Theory,Fair Allocation,Core,Supply Chain Game

목차

1. 서 론
2. 3단계 공급사슬(TESC) 게임
   2.1 모형 DEC(DECentralized Model)
   2.2 모형 MDC (Manufacturer-Distributor Coalition Model)
   2.3 모형 DRC(Distributor-Retailer Coalition Model)
   2.4 모형 CEN(CENtralized Model)
   2.5 연합의 최적이익
3. 기법에 의한 해들의 코어에 존재 여부
4. 실 험
5. 결 론
References

초록

Fair Allocation of profits or costs arising from joint participation by multiple individuals or entities with different purposes is essential for their continuing involvement and for their dissatisfaction reduction. In this research, fair allocation of the profits of forming a grand coalition in Three-Echelon Supply Chain (TESC) game that is composed of manufacturer, distributor and retailer, is studied. In particular, the solutions of the proportional method of profit, the proportional method of marginal profit, and Shapley value based on cooperative game theory are proved to be in the desirable characteristics of the core. The proportional method of profit and the proportional method of marginal profit are often used because of their ease of application. These methods distribute total profit in proportion to profits or marginal profits of each game participant. In addition, Shapley value can be defined as the average marginal profit when one game player is added at a time. Even though the calculation of the average of all possible marginal profits is not simple, Shapley value are often used as a useful method. Experiments have shown that the solution of the incremental method, which calculates the marginal cost of adding game players in the order of manufacturers, distributors and retailers, does not exist in the core.