한국식품영양학회지 Vol. 32 No. 5 (p.536-552)

DACUM 기법을 이용한 영양사의 직무분석 - 중요도, 수행도 및 난이도 분석 -

Job Analysis of Dietitian Using DACUM Technique - Importance, Performance, and Difficulty Analysis -
키워드 :
job analysis,dietitian,DACUM

목차

Abstract
서 론
연구대상 및 방법
   1. 조사대상 및 시기
   2. 조사내용 및 방법
   3. 자료 분석 방법
결과 및 고찰
   1. DACUM을 통한 영양사 직무기술서 도출
   2. 타당성 평가를 위한 설문 조사 대상의 일반사항
   3. 영양사 직무의 중요도, 수행도 및 난이도 분석
요약 및 결론
References

초록

The purpose of this study was to develop a standardized job description for dietitians using the DACUM technique. To examine the validity of job description through DACUM, dietitians were surveyed relative to importance, performance, and difficulty. The survey was conducted April 1-30, 2014. A total of 217 questionnaires were used in the analysis. The final developed job description for dietitians included six duties, 38 tasks, and 210 task elements. DACUM’s findings include six duties: nutrition management, food service operation management, hygiene safety management, community food and nutrition program management, organization management, and professionalism strengthening. There were 5.1 points regarding importance, 4.1 points regarding performance, 4.9 points regarding difficulty, and statistically significant differences (p<0.001). Dietitians responded that ‘nutrition management’ and ‘hygiene safety management’ were the most important. ‘Hygiene and safety management’ showed the highest performance, and ‘community food and nutrition program management’ and ‘professionalism strengthening'' showed the highest difficulty. Thus, it is considered that the job analysis results can be used to evaluate and improve the subjects’ training program. Dietitians’ jobs are subject to various environmental changes, such as demographic changes, health care system changes, and the development of the food industry, and thus, should be reviewed and analyzed periodically.