韓國食生活文化學會誌 제34권 제5호 (p.495-507)

「갑오 재동 제물정례책(甲午 齋洞 祭物定例冊)」에 기록된 복온공주의 다례를 통해 살펴본 궁중음식 고찰

Analytical Review of Korean Royal Cuisine as Viewed through the Darye for Princess Bokon and Recorded in Gabo Jaedong Jemuljeongnyechaek
키워드 :
Darye [誅禮],gyuasang,jemuljeongnyechaek [祭物定例冊],jesa,Korean royal cuisine,sura

목차

Abstract
I. 서 론
II. 연구 내용 및 방법
   1. 문헌 소개 및 다례 대상
   1. 연구 조사 방법
III. 결과 및 고찰
   1.「갑오 재동 제물정례책」에 기록된 복온공주의 다례
   2. 복온공주 다례별 음식 구성과 특징
   3. 복온공주 다례음식의 특징
   4. 재료목록을 통해 본 제물정례책의 용도
IV. 요약 및 결론
References

초록

This study investigates the Gabo Jaedong Jemuljeongnyechaek, which is the recording of the darye executed over a period of a year in 1834 (34th year of reign by King Sunjo) in the latter part of the Joseon Dynasty, two years after the death of Princess Bokon, the 2nd daughter of King Sunjo. Accordingly, we examined the types of darye (tea ceremonies) and the characteristics of the composition of foods at ancestral rites of the royal families of Joseon. Moreover, we also analyzed the cooking methods and characteristics of food terminologies used in the darye. This includes 39 categories of food and ingredients used for tea ceremonies held for one year, on behalf of the deceased Princess Bokon in 1834. The darye for the monthly national holiday was held along with the darye on the 1st and the 15th day of every month. The darye for rising up and the birthday darye were held on May 12th and October 26th of the lunar calendar, being the anniversaries of the death and the birth of Princess Bokon, respectively. The birthday darye and the darye for New Year’s Day, Hansik (105thday after winter solstice), Dano (5th day of the 5th month of the lunar calendar), and Thanksgiving “Chuseok” were held in the palace and at the burial site of the Princess. During the darye for rising up in May and the Thanksgiving darye at the burial site in August, rituals offering meals to the deceased were also performed. The birthday darye at the burial site of Princess Bokon featured the most extensive range of foods offered, with a total of 33 dishes. Foods ranging 13~25 dishes were offered at the national holiday darye, while the darye on the 1st and the 15th of the month included 9~11 food preparations, making them more simplified with respect to the composition of foods offered at the ceremony, in comparison to the national holiday darye. The dishes were composed of ddeok, jogwa, silgea, hwachae, foods such as tang, jeok, jjim, hoe, and sikhae, and grain-based foods such as myeon, mandu, and juk. Foods offered at the burial site darye included 12~13 dishes comprising ban, tang, jochi, namul, chimchae, and jang. Meals offered at the darye had a composition similar to that of the daily royal table (sura). Darye recorded in the Jemuljeongnyechaek displayed characteristics of the seasonal foods of Korea. Jemuljeongnyechaek has detailed recordings of the materials, quantities, and prices of the materials required for preparations of the darye. It is quite certain that Jemuljeongnyechaek would have functioned as an essential reference in the process of purchasing and preparing the food materials for the darye, that were repeated quite frequently at the time.