韓國食生活文化學會誌 제34권 제6호 (p.726-738)

|연구논문|
인천지역 일부 고등학생의 아침결식에 따른 식행동 및 식사의 질 평가

Evaluation of Dietary Behaviors and Dietary Quality of High School Students in Incheon according to Breakfast Skipping
키워드 :
Skipping breakfast,dietary behaviors,dietary quality,high school students

목차

Abstract
I. 서 론
II. 연구 내용 및 방법
   1. 조사대상 및 기간
   2. 조사방법 및 내용
   3. 자료 분석 방법 및 통계처리
III. 결과 및 고찰
   1. 일반사항
   2. 아침식사 빈도에 따른 편의점 편의식 이용 실태
   3. 아침식사 빈도에 따른 식행동 및 생활습관
   4. 아침식사 빈도에 따른 청소년 영양지수를 이용한 식사의질 평가
IV. 요약 및 결론
References

초록

This study examined the dietary behaviors and dietary quality of high school students according to the number of times they skipped breakfast. A total of 474 high school students (225 boys and 249 girls) residing in Incheon participated in this survey. The subjects were divided into the three groups according to the frequency of eating breakfast; Regualr (eating breakfast everyday, n=226), Irregualar (eating breakfast 1~6 times/week, n=143, and Skipping (skipping breakfast everyday, n=105). The dietary quality was assessed using a nutrient quotient for adolescents (NQ-A). A higher monthly allowance and a higher rate of working mothers were significantly associated with a higher frequency of skipping breakfast. A higher intake frequency of processed beverages, and street food was significantly associated with a higher frequency of skipping breakfast. Students who had a higher rate of breakfast skipping had significantly lower intake frequency of fruits, white milk, bean and bean products, and fish. The high frequency of skipping breakfast among high school students was associated with lower dietary quality, as illustrated by the low total NQ-A score and sub group score including balance, environment, and practice. This information can inform efforts to provide nutrition education program to promote breakfast consumption and guidelines to students who skipped breakfast frequently.