외국어교육 제26권 제4호 (p.45-65)

An Analysis of Variables Affecting Korean ESL Students’ English Writing Performance

키워드 :
L2 educational level,language proficiency,process-oriented writing,second language writing,제2 언어 교육수준,언어 능숙도,과정중심 쓰기,제2 언어 쓰기

목차

I. Introduction
II. Literature Review
   Relationship Between L1 and L2 Writing
   2. The Influence of Formal Experience and Educational Level
III. Methodology
   1. Participants
   2. Materials
   3. Procedures
   4. Analyses
IV. Results and Discussion
   1. Descriptive Statistics for TOEFL, L1 and L2 Essay and Length ofResidence
   2. Descriptive Statistics of Each Factor
   3. Correlation of TOEFL, L1 and L2 Essays and Length of Residence
V. Conclusion and Implications
References

초록

This study sought to investigate factors affecting the English writing performance of 30 Korean ESL students overseas. Also, examined were the relationship between L1 and L2 education levels and L2 writing performance, the relationship between English language proficiency and L2 writing performance and between length of residence and L2 writing performance. The participants were asked to write essays in their L1 and L2 along with a questionnaire. To analyze the data, two-way ANOVA and correlation were performed. The results showed there was no significant relation between L1 educational level and L2 writing performance, but there was a significant relation between L2 educational level and L2 writing performance. Also, English language proficiency and L2 writing performance were highly correlated. The length of residence of the participants in the U.S. and their L2 writing performance showed a weak correlation. Similarly, their L1 writing performance was not related to their L2 writing performance. These imply that students need to have adequate proficiency of English to write in their L2, and they need to receive a considerate number of years of formal education in their L2 for the success of L2 writing.