한국분말야금학회지 Vol. 26 No. 6 (p.502-507)

구상 페놀수지 분말과 푸르프릴 알코올로부터 주형성형에 의한 매크로 다공성 카본 폼의 제조

Fabrication of Macro-porous Carbon Foams from Spherical Phenolic Resin Powder and Furfuryl Alcohol by Casting Molding
키워드 :
Carbon Foam,Spherical Phenolic Resin Powder,Furfuryl Alcohol,Casting Molding,Pore Structure

목차

Abstract
1. 서 론
2. 실험방법
3. 결과 및 고찰
   3.1 구상 페놀수지 원료 분말의 특성 분석
   3.2 카본 폼의 물리적 특성 평가
   3.3 카본 폼의 기공 구조 분석
4. 결 론
References

초록

Macro-porous carbon foams are fabricated using cured spherical phenolic resin particles as a matrix and furfuryl alcohol as a binder through a simple casting molding. Different sizes of the phenolic resin particles from 100– 450 μm are used to control the pore size and structure. Ethylene glycol is additionally added as a pore-forming agent and oxalic acid is used as an initiator for polymerization of furfuryl alcohol. The polymerization is performed in two steps; at 80oC and 200oC in an ambient atmosphere. The carbonization of the cured body is performed under Nitrogen gas flow (0.8 L/min) at 800oC for 1 h. Shrinkage rate and residual carbon content are measured by size and weight change after carbonization. The pore structures are observed by both electron and optical microscope and compared with the porosity results achieved by the Archimedes method. The porosity is similar regardless of the size of the phenolic resin particles. On the other hand, the pore size increases in proportion to the phenol resin size, which indicates that the pore structure can be controlled by changing the raw material particle size.