한국과 세계 제1권 2호 (p.97-120)

Study on the Characteristics of Populism in Pakistan’s Imran·Khan Administration

키워드 :
임란·칸,파키스탄,정부 민주주의,정의운동당(PTI),일대일로,포퓰리즘,Imran·Khan,Pakistan,Populist Government,Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf(PTI),The “Belt and Road”,populism

목차

논문요약
Ⅰ. Preface
Ⅱ. The Origin and Spread of Pakistani Populism
   1. The general concept of populism
   2. Definition of Pakistani Populism’s Origin
Ⅲ. Approaches of Populism Spreading in Pakistan
   1. Religion
   2. The Army
   3. Foreign Forces
   4. Media
Ⅲ. The Rise of Populism in the Pakistani Government
   1. Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf(PTI)
   2. Imran·Khan Experience: From the Founding of the PTI toServing as Prime Minister
Ⅳ. Analysis of the Populism Characteristicsof Imran·KhanAdministration
   1. Internal and External Affairs of Imran·Khan Administration
   2. Analysis of Characteristics of Policies and Populism DuringImran·Khan's Administration
Ⅴ. Conclusion
Reference
Abstract

초록

파키스탄과 중국은 전통적 우의와 '전천후 전략 협력 동반자 관계'를 유지하고 있는 나라로 양국은 '일대일로'를 배경으로 한 각종 협력과 교류가 세계 각국의 광범위한 관심을 받고 있다. 특히 2018년 정의운동당 (PTI)이 파키스탄의 제일 큰 당이 되었으며, 뚜렷한 포퓰리즘의 색깔을 가진 임란 칸이 파키스탄 총리로 당선된 후 파키스탄의 내정 외교를 이끌어 중-파 양국의 외교관계와 경제무역협조에 어떤 영향을 줄 것인지 주목된다. 본문은 문헌 연구의 방식을 채택하여 임란 칸이 파키스탄의 총리 당선한 후에 파기스탄의 포퓰리즘의 발전 변화를 분석하고, 임란 칸 정부의 민주주의적 특징을 중점적으로 연구했다.
Pakistan and China have been maintaining traditional friendship and all-weather strategic cooperative partnership. All kinds of cooperation and exchanges between the two countries under the background of “One Belt One Road” have attracted extensive attention from countries around the world. In recent years, Pakistan's rising populism has become a potential obstacle to the cooperation between China and Pakistan. In 2018, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) became the largest party in Pakistan and then Imran·Khan who is a politician with obvious populism inclination was elected as Prime Minister of Pakistan, which further demonstrated the rising of populism in Pakistan. What policies will be carried out by Pakistani domestic and foreign affairs and what impacts the policies will have on the diplomatic relations and economic and trade cooperation between China and Pakistan are worthy of attention. Resorting to a literature review approach, this paper analyzes the development and changes of populism in Pakistan before and after Imran·Khan's election as Prime Minister and studies the characteristics of populism during Imran·Khan administration. This paper argues that Imran Khan administration pursued state power by virtue of populism and then the government strengthened the supervision of the people at the bottom, which reflects its contradiction. Moreover, it is important to note that extreme populism at home may bring instability to the new government. The new government’s populist nature indicates it cannot solve the deep-rooted problem that plague Pakistan, such as the military dictatorship.