中國學 제69집 (p.279-290)

“互联网+”背景下延边地区社区居家养老服务模式探讨

A study on Community Care Model for the Elderly in Yanbian Area under the Internet⁺ Background
키워드 :
延边地区;老年人;社会需求;社区养老服务模式;“互联网+”背景下,Yanbian Area,The Elderly,Social Needs,Community Care Model for the Aged,‘Internet+’ Background

목차

【摘要】
1. 前言
2. 延边地区老年人现状
   1) 延边地区老年人基本人口特征
   2) 老年人日常生活中的主要问题
   3) 老年人身心健康中的主要问题
   4) 延边地区人口老龄化特征
3. 延边地区老年人养老护理需求
   1) 延边地区老年人社会服务需求
   2) 延边地区老年人养老需求
4. 延边地区社区居家养老现状及制约因素
5. "互联网+ˮ背景下延边地区社区居家养老服务模式
6. 结论
【参考文献】
【논문초록】

초록

延边地区人口老龄化水平已经超越了中国人口老龄化水平,形势十分严峻。据调查发现,延 边地区老年群体中独居老人和贫困老人的比重较高且表现为未富先老的情况下,呈现出了老年问题 的多样化、老年个体之间差异悬殊、养老规划意识淡薄、老年人主体意识薄弱等。在人口老龄化背 景下,延边地区社区居家养老护理也面临着巨大挑战。延边地区的社区养老服务中存在专项资金不 够、专业性不足、社会服务传送体系中的矛盾、老年社会工作承载主体之间尚未形成合力等问题。 因此,要建立“医养护”相结合、“四位一体”多方联动的社区居家服务模式,搭建老年服务网络 体系,实现老年服务承载主体多元化,在推进服务专业化的过程中,满足延边地区老年群体的多元 化和个别化服务需求。
The level of aging in Yanbian area has surpassed that in China so that the situation is very serious. With the high proportion of the elderly living alone, the poor elderly in Yanbian area and the premise of insufficient provision for the aged, there are many problems, such as the diversification of the elderly problem, the disparity of the elderly individuals, the weak awareness of the old-age planning and the weak subjectivity of the elderly. The home-based care for the elderly in Yanbian community is also facing great challenges. There are some problems in Yanbian community pension service, such as insufficient special funds, low level of professionalism, contradiction of social service delivery system, and lack of a joint force among the main bearers of social work for the elderly. Therefore, it is necessary to establish a "medical treatment+supporting+nursing" combined, "four in one" multi-linked community home service model and set up a service network system for the elderly to realize the diversification of the service carriers for the elderly, fulfill the diversification and individualization service needs of the elderly groups in Yanbian in the process of service specialization to meet the diversified and individual service needs of the elderly groups.