中國學 제69집 (p.291-310)

중국의 ‘일대일로’ 구상과 해외 유학생 유치 고찰

A Study on China‘s ’One Belt One Rod‘ Initiative and the Inducement of International Students
키워드 :
‘일대일로’,정책의 연계,유학생 유치,장학금,국제화,대학 간 전략적 연맹,中国,一带一路,政策联系,吸引国际学生,奖学金,国际化,大学间战略联盟,China,One Belt One Road,Linkage of Policy,Inducement of International Students,Scholarship,Globalization,Intercollegiate Strategic Federation

목차

【초록】
1. 들어가는 말
2. ‘일대일로’ 구상과 해외 유학생 유치 정책
3. ‘일대일로’ 유학생 유치의 현황 및 효과
4. ‘일대일로’ 선상 유학생 유치의 문제점
4. 나가는 말
【참고문헌】
【논문초록】

초록

본 논문은 중국의 ‘일대일로’ 구상 속에서 해외 유학생 유치를 어떻게 해나가고 있는지, 그리고 앞으로 어떻게 펼쳐나갈 것인지에 대한 논의를 하였다. 유학생 정책은 ‘일대일로’ 구상에 있어서 매우 특별한 의미를 갖는다. 바로, 중국과 ‘일대일로’ 선상 국가들과의 교육 협력 및 교육 개방의 한 축을 담당하고 있기 때문이다. 중국 교육부에서는 유학생 유치를 위해 ‘일대일로’ 장학금 지원 등 다양한 지원을 하고 있 다. 이에 유학생 규모가 크게 확대되어 아시아 최대의 유학 대상국이 되었으며, ‘일대일로’ 선상 국가의 대학들과 체결한 대학 간 전략적 연맹이 전 세계 174개 대학으로 확대되었다. 중국의 정책 방향의 수립과 각 부서 간의 공동 노력, 전폭적인 예산 지원 및 원칙과 확장성 등 중국의 ‘일대일로’ 유학 정책의 추진 과정을 통해서 2015년부터 ‘일대일로’ 국가로 추가된 한국 역시 중국의 경우를 거울삼아 유학생 정책을 어떻게 세워야 하는지에 대한 시사점을 살펴보았다.
The ‘One Belt One Road’ initiative announced in 2013 aims to build peaceful economic partnerships for countries in the region by implementing the old Silk Road. When the initiative was announced, all ministries, local governments and universities responded by announcing relevant policies that were appropriate for their respective situations. At the Ministry level, the Ministry of Education has strengthened its policy of ‘One Belt One Road’ initiative and the exchange and cooperation for international students in the education sector. The Ministry of Education will be able to receive various supports, which includes scholarship support to attract international students thanks to its ‘One Belt One Road’ initiative. As a result, China has become Asia‘s largest destination for studying abroad with the great expansion of its size. The strategic intercollegiate alliance signed with universities in ‘One Belt One Road’ countries has been expanded to 174 universities worldwide. It has also greatly achieved globalization, which includes the signing of mutual certification agreements for university degrees with educational institutions in the on-board countries, the expansion of Confucius Academy and the establishment of a joint laboratory. There has been a positive change in quality with the number of students from Europe and the U.S.A. with the number of students studying in degree courses exceeding 52 percent. However, there are still problems such as many non-degree students studying abroad and studying abroad on scholarships and low quality of student. However, it is regarded to be a good example to work together on the national agenda with all ministries, local governments and educational institutions. It is hoped that our government is also able to spend more money to attract more international students, given that it is a strong expression of its will to carry out its ‘One Belt One Road’ initiative through full budget support. Finally, if ‘One Belt One Road’ initiative was agreed to the spirit of ‘One Belt One Road’ by signing an agreement, it was added as a ‘One Belt One Road’ country. South Korea also signed an agreement in 2015 and was added as a ‘One Belt One Road’ country. Through these efforts, China has been able to form ‘One Belt One Road’ partnerships with twice as many countries as the original treaty states. It is hoped that the Ministry of Education in South Korea makes it possible to attract 200,000 students by 2023.