로봇학회논문지 제15권 제1호(통권 제55호) (p.48-54)

기계식 중력보상 기반의 가정용 5자유도 로봇 팔

5 DOF Home Robot Arm based on Counterbalance Mechanism
키워드 :
Counterbalance Mechanism,Counterbalance Robot Arm,Manipulator Design,Home Service Robot

목차

Abstract
1. 서 론
2. 중력보상 장치
   2.1 1자유도 중력보상 장치
   2.2 2자유도 중력보상 장치
   2.3 중력보상 장치의 경량화 및 저가화
3. 가정용 중력보상 로봇
4. 실험 및 성능 검증
   4.1 중력보상 메커니즘의 검증
   4.2 중력보상 로봇의 에너지 효율
5. 결 론
References

초록

Home robot arms require a payload of 2 kg to perform various household tasks; at the same time, they should be operated by low-capacity motors and low-cost speed reducers to ensure reasonable product cost. Furthermore, as robot arms on mobile platforms are battery-driven, their energy efficiency should be very high. To satisfy these requirements, we designed a lightweight counterbalance mechanism (CBM) based on a spring and a wire and developed a home robot arm with five degrees of freedom (DOF) based on this CBM. The CBM compensates for gravitational torques applied to the two pitch joints that are most affected by the robot’s weight. The developed counterbalance robot adopts a belt-pulley based parallelogram mechanism for 2-DOF gravity compensation. Experiments using this robot demonstrate that the CBM allows the robot to meet the above-mentioned requirements, even with low-capacity motors and speed reducers.