韓國食生活文化學會誌 제35권 제1호 (p.97-106)

광주광역시 광산구 보육시설 유아의 식행동과 식품알레르기 발생 현황

Dietary Behaviors of Preschool Children and Food Allergy Prevalence of Preschool Childcare Facilities in Gwangsan-gu, Gwangju Metropolitan City
키워드 :
Dietary behaviors,preschool children,NQ-P (nutrition quotient for preschoolers),food allergy

목차

Abstract
I. 서 론
II. 연구 내용 및 방법
   1. 연구 대상 및 기간
   2. 연구 내용 및 방법
   3. 자료 분석
III. 결과 및 고찰
   1. 조사대상자의 일반 사항
   2. 식품알레르기 유무와 출생 시 체중, 가족력, 수유형태, 이유 시기와의 관계
   3. 유아의 식품알레르기 유발 다빈도 식품 및 주요 증상
   4. 유아의 성별, 연령별, 식품알레르기 유무에 따른 NQ-P 비교
   5. 가족의 식사 태도와 유아의 NQ-P 등급, 식품알레르기 비교
IV. 요약 및 결론
References

초록

This study aimed to evaluate dietary behaviors and food allergy status of preschool children in Gwangsan-gu, Gwangju Metropolitan city. The survey included 592 preschool children aged 1-5 years old in 31 childcare facilities. General characteristics, feeding type, complementary feeding, food allergy, dietary behaviors based on the NQ-P questionnaire, and dietary habits of their family were considered. Exclusively breast-fed children was 32.2% of the subjects and the breast feeding duration was 6.5 months. Subjects who had complementary feeding within 6 months was 77.2% and starting time of complementary feeding was 6.1 months. Fifteen percent of the subjects had food allergies and foods that induced allergy were instant foods, eggs, milk and dairy products, nuts, seafood. Food allergy was not related to breast feeding nor complementary feeding. The NQ-P score and its 3 factors including ‘balance’, ‘moderation’, and ‘environment’ were 59.9, 61.1, 56.0, 62.6, respectively. There were positive relations between children’s dietary behaviors and family dietary habits such as breakfast eating frequency and meal regularity. As age of children increased, instant food intake increased and breakfast eating frequency decreased. Proper nutrition education is needed to children, their parents, and their care givers at childcare facilities to improve children’s dietary behavior and health.