한국초지조사료학회지 (JKSGFS) Vol. 40 No. 1 (p.37-43)

|Research Article|
Effects of Nitrogen Fertilization on Forage Production and Nutritive Nalue of Geukdong 6, Teosinte Hybrid 〔Zea mays L. subsp. mexicana (Schrad.) H. H. Iltis〕

키워드 :
Dry matter yield,Geukdong 6,Nitrogen level,Teosinte hybrid

목차

ABSTRACT
Ⅰ. INTRODUCTION
Ⅱ. MATERIALS AND METHODS
   1. Experimental site and treatment
   2. Crop Establishment and field management
   3. Field Data Collection and Laboratory Analysis
   4. Statistical analysis
Ⅲ. Results and Discussion
   1. Effects of different nitrogen levels on growth characteristicsand yields
   2. Effects of different nitrogen levels on chemicalcompositions
   3. Effects of different nitrogen levels on sugar contents
   4. Effects of different nitrogen levels on mineral contents
Ⅳ. Conclusion
Ⅴ. REFERENCES

초록

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of different nitrogen levels on the yield and nutrient quality of a newly developed domestic hybrid of Teosinte, Geukdong 6〔Zea mays L. subsp. mexicana (Schrad.) H. H. Iltis〕. The field experiment was conducted in a randomized block design with three replicates and consisted of four nitrogen (N) application rates, T1 (200 kg/ha), T2 (300 kg/ha), T3 (400 kg/ha), and T4 (500 kg/ha). No differences were found in plant length, leaf length, leaf width, leaf number, dead leaves, stem hardness, tiller number, and fresh yield (p>0.05). The T3 showed significantly greater dry matter yield at harvest (heading stage) compared to the other treatments (p<0.05). The crude protein content of T4 (10.49%) was higher than those of T1 and T2 (p<0.05). However, there was no significant difference between T4 (10.49%) and T3 (9.63%). The effects on crude fat, crude ash, neutral detergent fiber (NDF), acid detergent fiber (ADF), and crude fiber were not significant (p>0.05). The sugar content was higher in the T2 treatment than the other treatments (p<0.05). For Ca, T3 showed significantly greater content (p<0.05). However, no significant effects were found in the contents of Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Mo, and Zn (p>0.05). Na content was higher in order of T2 > T4 > T3 > T1 (p<0.05). Total mineral contents were not significantly different among the treatments (p>0.05). Given these results, we recommend the amount of nitrogen fertilization necessary for “Geukdong 6” to be around 400 kg per ha (T3), when considering, high fresh yield, dry matter yield, number of leaves and content of crude protein.