The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business (JAFEB) 제7권 제5호 (p.9-18)

Stock Market Response to Elections: An Event Study Method

키워드 :
Financial Economics,Event study,Elections,Emerging Markets,Politics

목차

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. Literature Review
3. Research Methods and Materials
4. Results and Discussion
5. Conclusions
References

초록

The research paper examines the influence of elections on the stock market. The study analyses whether the market reaction would be the same when a party wins and comes to power for the second consecutive time. The study employs Market Model Event study methodology. The sample period taken for the study is 2014 to 2019. A sample of 31 companies listed in Bombay Stock Exchange is selected at random for the purpose of the study. For the elections held in 2014, an event window of 82 days was taken with 39 days prior to the event and 42 days post event. The event (t0) being the declaration of the election results. For the elections held in 2019 an event window of 83 days was taken with 41 days prior to the event and 41 days post event. The results indicate that the market reacts positively with significantly positive Average Abnormal Returns. The findings of the study reveal that the impact on the market is not the same between any two elections even when the same party comes to power for the second time. The semi-strong form of efficient market hypothesis holds true in the context of emerging markets like India.