The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business (JAFEB) 제7권 제5호 (p.111-118)

The Impact of Credit on Income Inequality in Vietnam

키워드 :
Credit,Income Inequality,Vietnam.

목차

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. Literature Review
3. Overview of Credit Market and Income Inequality in Vietnam
   3.1. Credit Market Development
   3.2. Income Inequality in Vietnam
4. Research Methodology
   4.1. Model Specification
   4.2. Data
   4.3. Methodology
5. Empirical Results
6. Conclusion and Policy Implications
References

초록

This paper examines the impacts of credit on income inequality in Vietnam. Though it is one of the most common measures of financial development, there is a dearth of research in this area. Unlike previous studies, the paper disaggregates the impact of each type of credit on income inequality, looking at the Gini coefficient. We employ the Generalized Method of Moment (GMM) to solve the endogenous problem. The primary data set contains a panel of 60 Provincial observations, from data collected from the General Statistics Office of Vietnam from 2002 to 2016. The empirical findings show that, while commercial credit increases income inequality, policy credit contributes to reducing income inequality in Vietnam. The results also confirm the important roles of education, institutional quality and foreign direct investment in fighting against income inequality in Vietnam. However, the paper does not provide adequate evidence to support the inverted U-shaped relationship between credit and income inequality. Based on the findings, we argue that the government should direct flows of credit to real economic activities rather than speculative investment; more bank credit should be allocated to rural areas and agriculture; and favorable credit programs should be designed to promote education, especially of those living in rural areas.