한국융합인문학 제8권 제2호 (p.115-147)

The Political Efficacy of Local Governments and the Community Welfare: A Costefficient Social Innovation

키워드 :
Local Autonomous Entity (LAE),Local government,Innovative policy experiments,Community welfare,Cost-efficient social innovation,Welfare politics

목차

ABSTRACT
INTRODUCTION
THE POLITICAL GRAMMAR OF COMMUNITY WELFARE INSOUTH KOREA: LOCAL AUTONOMOUS ENTITY ANDCOMMUNITY WELFARE
   Concept and Legislation of Local Autonomy
   Authority and Role of the Local Autonomous Entity
   History of Local Autonomy in South Korea: Development and Status
   Local Autonomy, Decentralization, and Community Welfare in South Korea
THE INNOVATIVE POLICY EXPERIMENTS OF LOCALGOVERNMENTS AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNITYWELFARE: A COST-EFFICIENT SOCIAL INNOVATION
   Community Welfare Politics: Local Elections and Social Innovation
   Community Welfare Policy: Experiments of Political Party Policy
   Threats to the Development of Community Welfare: The Local Government’sBad Experiments and the Central Government Interference
HOW TO VITALIZE THE WELFARE POLITICS OF LOCALGOVERNMENTS
CONCLUSION
REFERENCES

초록

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the contribution of the local government’s policy experiments to the development of community welfare, focusing on the political efficacy of local governments: When attempting innovative policy experiments, the cost of failure is small while the ripple effect is large. In particular, from the perspective of ‘cost-efficient innovation’, this paper analyzes the mechanism of local government’s welfare politics (i.e. policy experiments of local governments → improving efficiency and effectiveness of community welfare → local social innovation → enhancing citizens’ quality of life). Through these analyses, this paper argues that the welfare politics of Local Autonomous Entity, including local governments, should be activated in order to continuously develop South Korea’s community welfare. This is because it is politics that can change a series of systems and culture that surround us. This paper is divided into three parts. First, a review on the basics needed to politically understand South Korea’s community welfare. Second, an exploration on how the local government’s ‘innovative policy experiments’ are developing community welfare. Third, an emphasis on the significance of politics in the development of community welfare, and some suggestions for vitalizing the welfare politics of local governments in South Korea.