한국응용과학기술학회지(구 오일 및 응용과학 학회지) Vol. 37 No. 2 (p.241-249)

섬애약쑥 (Artemisia argyi H.) 추출물의 미백활성

Whitening Activities of Extracts of Seomaeyakssuk (Artemisia argyi H.)
키워드 :
섬애약쑥,미백활성,멜라닌감소,기능성화장품,천연원료,Seomaeyakssuk,whitening activity,melanin reduction,functional cosmetics,natural material

목차

요 약
Abstract
1. 서 론
2. 재료 및 방법
3. 결과 및 고찰
4. 결 론
References

초록

본 연구는 섬애약쑥(Artemisia argyi H.)의 미백활성을 평가하였다. 섬애약쑥은 증류수와 70% 에탄올로 추출하였으며, 세포에서의 독성평가로 안전함을 확인하였다. 미백활성은 세포내 티로시나아제, 세포외 티로시나아제, 멜라닌 합성저해 및 미백관련 전사인자 감소로 평가하였다.그 결과 50, 100, 200 ㎍/ ㎖에서 유의한 세포독성이 나타나지 않는 것을 확인하였다. 각 시료의 200 ㎍/㎖ 농도에서 세포 외 멜라닌 생성량의 경우 AAD 45.0%로 유의하게 감소되었으나 AAE는 1.3%로 미미하게 감소되었으며, 세포 내 멜라닌 생성량의 경우 AAD 37.2%, AAE 24.6% 감소되었다. 세포 내 tyrosinase 활성의 경우 200 ㎍/㎖ 농도에서 AAD 49.2%, AAE는 35.6% 감소되었다. 또한 tyrosinase, TRP-1, TRP-2 전사인자 각각은 AAD 63.0%/AAE 58.0%, AAD 60.0%/AAE 56.0%, AAD 59.0%/AAE 53.0%로 감소되었다. 추출물 모두 미백 활성에 효과가 있었으나 상대적으로 AAD가 AAE에 비하여 미백효능이 높은 것으로 확인되었다. 향 후 미백 기능성화장품의 원료로써 응용 가능성이 높을 것으로 사료된다.
This study investigated the whitening activity using seomaeyakssuk (Artemisia argyi H.) extract. Seomaeyakssuk was extracted from hot DW (AAD) and 70% ethanol (AAE). And confirmed safety through assessment of cytotoxicity. Also, whitening activities were measured through changes in the levels of extracellular melanin, melanin synthesis, cellular tyrosinase activity and transcription factor. The results confirmed that significant cytotoxicity does not appear in the concentration range of 50, 100, and 200 ㎍/㎖ of both extracts of this study. The production of extracellular melanin was slowed by AAD 45.0% and AAE 1.3% at 200 ㎍/㎖ concentration. Also, production of intracellular melanin was decreased AAD 37.2% and AAE 24.6%. In the case of intra cellular tyrosinase activity was reduced to AAD 49.2% and AAE 35.6% at 200 ㎍/㎖ concentration. The mRNA expression of tyrosinase, TRP-1 and TRP-2 significantly decreased by AAD 63.0%/AAE 58.0%, AAD 60.0%/AAE 56.0% and AAD 59.0%/AAE 53.0%, respectively, following the 200 ㎍/㎖ sample treatment when compared to the control. Both extracts showed efficient changes of production of whitening-related factor and transcription factor. But AAD was found to have a higher inhibitory effect than AAE. In other words, seomaeyakssuk was showed significant biological activities showing whitening without cytotoxicity. These results will be provided as fundamental data for further development of the new material of functional cosmetics to the results above.