한국버섯학회지 제18권 제2호 (p.164-173)

국내 균근성 버섯류 추출물의 항산화능 및 영양성분 비교

Comparison of the antioxidant activity and nutritional contents of ectomycorrhizal mushroom extracts in Korea
키워드 :
Antioxidant activity,Amino acid contents,Cantharellus cinnabarinus,Lactarius parallelus,Ramaria botrytis,Tricholoma matsutake

목차

ABSTRACT
서 론
재료 및 방법
   국내 야생 균근성 버섯 수집
   추출용매별 분석용 시료 제조
   DPPH 라디컬 소거능 측정(DPPH radical-scavengingactivity)
   철 환원 항산화능 측정(FRAP, Ferric-reducing antioxidantpower)
   환원력 측정(Reducing power)
   아질산염 소거능 측정(Nitrite-scavenging activity)
   총 폴리페놀 함량 측정(Total polyphenol contents)
   총 플라보노이드 함량 측정(Total flavonoid contents)
   아미노산 분석 시료조제
   HPLC에 의한 아미노산 성분 분석
   통계처리
결과 및 고찰
   균근성 버섯류의 DPPH 라디컬 소거능
   균근성 버섯류의 철 환원 항산화능
   균근성 버섯류의 환원력
   균근성 버섯류의 아질산염 소거능
   균근성 버섯류의 총 폴리페놀 및 총 플라보노이드 함량
   균근성 버섯류의 아미노산 성분 함량
적 요
REFERENCES

초록

The extracts of four species of ectomycorrhizal mushrooms—Cantharellus cinnabarinus (OK1247), Lactarius parallelus (OK1264), Tricholoma matsutake (OK1282), and Ramaria botrytis (OK1283)—were prepared to determine their antioxidant activities and nutritional properties. R. botrytis extract displayed the highest 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity (33.8%), ferric reducing antioxidant power (0.38), reducing power (0.35), total polyphenol (13.83 mg gallic acid equivalent/g), and flavonoid contents (2.56 mg quercetin equivalent/g). L. parallelus extract displayed the highest nitrite scavenging activity. Analysis of amino acid contents revealed that C. cinnabarinus extract had the highest total amino acid (1,046.1 mg/kg) and essential amino acid (404.9 mg/kg) contents, while R. botrytis extract had the lowest total amino acid (708.3 mg/kg) and essential amino acid (247.3 mg/kg) contents. Among the amino acid components detected in the four ectomycorrhizal mushrooms, cysteine was the most abundant, accounting for 14.3~20.7%, followed by phenylalanine, which accounted for 9.5 ~13.4% of all amino acids. In summary, the antioxidant activities were the highest in R. botrytis extract, and the amino acid content was the highest in C. cinnabarinus extract, among the four ectomycorrhizal mushrooms.