韓國食生活文化學會誌 제35권 제3호 (p.241-255)

자폐범주성장애 아동의 나이에 따른 식행동 및 식품 기호도와 학부모의 영양교육 요구도

Dietary Behavior and Food Preferences according to Age and the Parents’ Nutrition Education Needs of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
키워드 :
Autism spectrum disorder,child,developmental disabilities,food preference,education needs

목차

Abstract
I. 서 론
II. 연구 내용 및 방법
   1. 조사 대상 및 기간
   2. 연구 내용
   3. 분석 방법
III. 결과 및 고찰
   1. 인구통계학적 특성
   2. 간식 섭취 실태 및 요구도
   3. 식품군 및 개별 식품 별 기호도
   4. 학부모 영양교육 요구도
IV. 요약 및 결론
References

초록

This study examined the eating habits and preferences of foods according to the age of children with autism spectrum disorders and identified the nutritional needs of parents to support their healthy eating habits and provide basic data for the development of educational programs. A survey of 100 parents of children with autism spectrum disorders was conducted on their children’s snack intake, food preferences, and parents’ nutrition education needs. As a result, there were four times more boys than girls, and the body mass index differed according to age (p<0.001). Most children ate snacks more than once a day, and parents found that they wanted to develop nutritious snacks that could replace high-protein, low-calorie meals with the minimal use of additives. For the food preference, there was a significant difference in grains and starches, vegetables/seafood and fruits, milk and dairy products (p<0.05), fats and sugars, and Korean fermented pastes (p<0.01) between the two age groups. Regarding whether nutrition education was required, many parents had a high demand for nutrition education (4.24±0.70), and the intention to participate was 3.62±1.09. The most important content to be dealt with in parent education was ‘Inducing a change in bad eating habits and behaviors’, which was the highest (63%), and mostly face-to-face education was preferred. In conclusion, young children require diet education, and older children need to focus on weight control and obesity.