Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences 제37권 3호 (p.171-185)

|Research Paper|
Determination of Orbital Elements and Ephemerides using the Geocentric Laplace’s Method

키워드 :
asteroids,astrometry,ephemerides,initial orbit determination,laplace method,orbital errors


   2.1 Computing attributable
   2.2 Poincaré interpolation
   2.3 Computing proper motion
   2.4 Computing vectors based on the attributable
   2.5 Computing the geodesic curvature and along-trackacceleration
   2.6 Computing constants through dynamical and geometricequations
   2.7 Computing the magnitude of the heliocentric position
   2.8 Determination of State Vector, Orbital Elements andEphemerides
   2.9 Analysis of Errors


This paper presents a methodology for Initial Orbit Determination (IOD) based on a modification of the Laplace’s geocentric method. The orbital elements for Near-Earth asteroids (1864) Daedalus, 2003 GW, 2019 JA8, a Hungaria-type asteroid (4690) Strasbourg, and the asteroids of the Main Belt (1738) Oosterhoff, (2717) Tellervo, (1568) Aisleen and (2235) Vittore were calculated. Input data observations from the Minor Planet Center MPC database and Astronomical Observatory of the Technological University of Pereira (OAUTP; MPC code W63) were used. These observations cover observation arcs of less than 22 days. The orbital errors, in terms of shape and orientation for the estimated orbits of the asteroids, were calculated. The shape error was less than 53 × 10–3 AU, except for the asteroid 2019 JA8. On the other hand, errors in orientation were less than 0.1 rad, except for (4690) Strasbourg. Additionally, we estimated ephemerides for all bodies for up to two months. When compared with actual ephemerides, the errors found allowed us to conclude that these bodies can be recovered in a field of vision of 95’ × 72’ (OAUTP field). This shows that Laplace’s method, though simple, may still be useful in the IOD study, especially for observatories that initiate programs of minor bodies observation.