대한안전경영과학회지 제22권 제3호 (p.15-21)

출입문용 자동개폐장치를 설치한 실내체육관의 피난안전성 분석

Analysis of the Evacuation Safety of Indoor Stadiums with Automatic Opening/Closing Exit Installations
키워드 :
Automatic Opening/Closing Exits,Indoor Stadium,Evacuation Safety,Locking Device,Fire Safety Manager

목차

Abstract
1. 서 론
2. 피난시뮬레이션
   2.1 시뮬레이션의 구성
   2.2 건축물의 구조의 개요
   2.3 건축물내의 수용인원 배치기준
   2.4 재실자 입력변수
   2.5 시나리오의 구성
   2.6 평가기준
3. 결과 및 고찰
4. 결 론
5. References

초록

This study analyzed the evacuation time in indoor stadiums when exits that automatically open/close when the fire sensor is triggered are installed as a means to improve the problem of closing certain exits. Firstly, when spectators on the 2nd floor stands exit through the 1st floor exits, the RSET of all inhabitants was 529.8 seconds when the automatic opening/closing exits are broken and employees are not present. Secondly, when spectators on the 2nd floor stands exit through the 1st floor exits, the RSET of all inhabitants was 445 seconds when the automatic opening/closing exits with 750mm width are working but employees are not present. Lastly, when spectators on the 2nd floor stands exit through the 1st floor exits, the RSET of all spectators was 337 seconds when the automatic opening/closing exits with 1,500mm width are working and employees are present. As a result, it was revealed that the evacuation time is shortened when the automatic opening/closing exits are working. Additional comparative studies with actual simulations of people evacuating an indoor stadium and firefighting simulations considering smoke flow are necessary.