한국문학과종교학회 국제학술대회 2016년 한국문학과종교학회 국제학술대회 , 생태와 종교 이야기 (p.137-143)

|Chinese Session|
Research on Lu Xun’s Religious Thought

鲁迅宗教文化思想综论

목차

摘要
Abstract
一、鲁迅前期宗教文化观
二、鲁迅后期宗教文化观
三、鲁迅前后期宗教文化观的差异与共同指归

초록

鲁迅(1881-1936),中国现代最重要的思想家和作家之一,他曾经被1949年以后的官方意识形态描述 成“唯物主义者”、“马克思主义者”;但实际上鲁迅的思想远比这些要复杂得多。 在宗教问题上,鲁迅进 行了批判性的思考,提出了不少独特的观点。 鲁迅前期看中了宗教所具有的“挽世道而正人心” 的拯救 功能,并使之服务于他的立人思想和重建国民信仰体系的实践;他后期重点关注的是宗教的某些迷信成 分,以及宗教对下层民众的负面影响,他后期的宗教观同样构成了他对中国传统信仰体系总批判的重要 组成部分。 维系着鲁迅前期和后期宗教文化思想的是,他的始终不变的改造国民性思想和实践。
Lu Xun (1881‐1936), one of the foremost thinkers and writers in modern China, has been described by the official ideology as “materialist” and “Marxist” since the year of 1949; however, Lu Xun’s thoughts are actually much more complex than these depictions. Thinking critically on religious issues, Lu Xun put forward many unique perspectives. During the earlier stage, Lu Xun valued the religious function of salvation in the aspect of “saving morals and human minds of the time”, and applied it in his practice to cultivate humanity of the people and to reconstruct belief systems of the nation; in the later stage, he focused on certain elements of religious superstitions and the negative impact of religion on the lower classes, while his later views on religion also constituted an important part of his overall criticism on Chinese traditional belief systems. It is Lu Xun’s unswerving thoughts and practices to transform national characters that hold together his early‐stage ideas on religious culture and his thoughts in the late phase.