中國學 제74집 (p.345-359)

|【일반논문】|
疫情常态化背景下朝鲜族海外务工家庭 青少年学校适应影响因素研究

A Study on the Influencing Factors of School Adaptation for Adolescents from Chinese-Korean Overseas Working families under the Normalization of Pandemic Situation
키워드 :
疫情常态化,朝鲜族,海外务工家庭,青少年,学校适应,影响因素,Normalization of Pandemic Situation,Chinese-Korean,Overseas Working Family,Adolescents,School Adaptation,Influencing factor

목차

【摘要】
1.引言
2. 文献综述
3. 研究方法
4. 研究结果
5. 结论
【參考文獻】
【논문초록】

초록

新型冠状肺炎疫情的不断恶化和反弹,对社会各领域的影响不容小觑。特别是,疫情 常态化对海外务工家庭青少年的发展和适应也产生了深刻的影响。在中国延边地区有大量 特殊的社会群体,即海外务工家庭青少年。受严峻的疫情形势影响,这些青少年长期与父 母分居,经受着各种烦恼、遇到了诸多问题。考虑到学校适应是衡量青少年社会适应能力 的重要尺度,为了探讨朝鲜族海外务工家庭青少年的学校适应的影响因素及体系,本研究 通过整群取样的方法对朝鲜族学校青少年开展了问卷调查,共收回有效问卷602份。其 中,海外务工家庭青少年有289名,约占48%。以此为基础,通过统计软件SPSS24.0,整理 289份问卷数据并进行了相关关系分析和多元回归分析。研究结果表明:第一,从相关关 系分析结果来看,主要因素之间存在着显著的相关关系。第二,个人因素中的自尊和抑 郁、家庭因素中的亲子依恋、学校因素中的师生关系和学校成绩等诸多因素对青少年的学 校适应有着显著的影响。最后,根据分析结果提出了建立朝鲜族海外务工家庭青少年学校 适应体系,以及其他具体的干预措施。
With the continuous deterioration and rebound of Novel Corona Virus Disease worldwide, the impact on all areas of society can not be underestimated. In particular, the normalization of the pandemic has also had a profound impact on the development and adaptation of adolescents from overseas working families. There are a large number of special social groups, adolescents from overseas working families in Yanbian, China. Affected by severe pandemic normalization, these adolescents have been separated from their parents for a long time, suffering from troubles and many other problems. School adaptation is an important measure of adolescents' social adaptability. In order to explore the influencing factors of school adaptability of Chinese-Korean adolescents from overseas working families, this study did a questionnaire survey on them through the method of cluster sampling. A total of 602 valid questionnaires were collected. Among them, there are 289 adolescents from overseas working families, accounting for about 48%. The correlation and multiple regression analysis were carried out with SPSS 24.0. The results show that: 1) There is a significant correlation between the main factors; 2) Self-esteem and depression in personal factors, parental attachment in family factors, and teacher-student relationship and school performance in school factors have a significant impact on adolescents‘ school adaptability. Finally, this paper puts forward a system to strengthen the school adaptability of adolescents from Chinese-Korean overseas working families, as well as some specific intervention measures.