사회언어학 제29권 제3호 (p.1-27)

페루 중부 안데스 스페인어에 나타나는 모음 사이 /b, d, g/의 변이에 대한 계량사회언어학적 연구

A Quantitative Sociolinguistic Study on the Variation of /b, d, g/ in Intervocalic Position in the Spanish Spoken in Central Peruvian Andes
키워드 :
sociolinguistics,dialectology,Andean Spanish,/b,d,g/ variation,occlusive [b,d,g]

목차

Abstract
1. 머리말
2. 연구 방법
   2.1. 연구 대상 지역 및 분석 자료
   2.2. 분석 방법
3. 분석 결과
   3.1. 전체 사례 분석 결과
   3.2. 언어 내적 변수에 따른 분포
   3.3. 사회적 변수에 따른 분포
   3.4. Goldvarb X 다중회귀분석
4. 분석 결과에 대한 논의
5. 맺음말
참고문헌

초록

This paper examines the variation of the intervocalic /b, d, g/ in the Spanish spoken in one of the Andean Spanish varieties. One of the regional phonological features that characterize the Andean Spanish is the use of occlusive [b, d, g] in intervocalic positions where other standard varieties would favor approximate variants [ß, ð, ɣ]. This research provides the first quantitative study on the linguistic and extra-linguistic factors influencing the use of [b, d, g] in Andean Spanish. A total of 4,080 tokens from 24 speakers in the Tupe district were analyzed via multivariate statistical analysis with Goldvarb X. The results show that the most important extra-linguistic factors are speakers’ gender and age, with old female speakers producing significantly more occlusive [b, d, g] than other speakers. The results also indicate that the speakers are standardizing their use of /b, d, g/ but its process is quite different between the male and female speakers.