韓國食生活文化學會誌 제37권 제2호 (p.109-118)

Comparison of Meal Skipping, Snacking, and Body Weight Perceptions among Urban College Students: On-Campus Living Alone vs. Off-Campus Living with Parents in New York, USA

키워드 :
College students,living arrangements,meal skipping,snacking,body weight

목차

Abstract
I. Introduction
II. Materials and Methods
   1. Study Design and Participants
   2. Questionnaire Contents
   3. Statistical Analysis
III. Results and Discussion
IV. Summary and Conclusion
Conflict of Interest
References

초록

This study was undertaken to compare meal skipping, snacking, and weight perceptions between students on-campus living alone and off-campus living with parents, in an urban college in the United States. The self-report survey was completed by 219 college students (on-campus=100, off-campus=119) between April and May 2012. Two-thirds (67%) of the respondents skipped at least one meal in the past week, and most participants showed strong desires to lose weight despite their normal/under-weight status. Significant differences between the two groups were obtained for the reason to skip a meal and the type of snack consumed. Compared to on-campus students, significantly higher values were obtained for off-campus students for choosing ‘no time to prepare’ as a meal skipping reason for lunch and dinner, and ‘sweets’ as a preferred snack. In addition to the group comparison, multiple regression results indicate that the body mass index (BMI) positively correlates with meal skipping and snacking frequencies. Younger students and female students were determined to have a higher frequency of meal skipping and morning snacking. Future research is required to study the dietary factors associated with living arrangements, to help college students develop healthy eating habits.