수산해양기술연구(구 한국어업기술학회지) 58권 2호 (p.95-105)

우리나라 경북 연안해역 문어통발 어업실태에 관한 연구

A study on the s tatus of octopus pot f ishery in t he coastal seas of Gyeongbuk, Korea
키워드 :
Giant octopus,Octopus dofleini,Pot fishery,Fishery status,Octopus pot

목차

서 론
재료 및 방법
   어업실태 조사
   통발 형태별 어획성능 시험
결과 및 고찰
   조업실태조사
   경북 울진지역
   경북 포항지역
   통발 형태별 어획성능 해상시험
결 론
사 사
References

초록

In this study, the fishery status of the octopus pot fishery in the east coastal sea were investigated, and the fishing performance of each pot shape was compared and analyzed. The fishery status survey was conducted through listening surveys at Jukbyeon Port, Uljin Port and Pohang Daebo Port in Gyeongbuk Province, and the amount of fishing gear used, fishing method, size and loss of octopus pot fishery was investigated. On the east coastal sea, octopus is one of the commercially important fish stocks and is caught in inshore pots, inshore combos, inshore gillnets and offshore pots. Among these fishing methods, pot fishing yields the highest catch. The shape of the pot differs depending on the region. In Uljin (Jukbyeon Port and Hupo Port), Gyeongbuk, rectangular type net pots are mainly used, and in Pohang (Daebo Port) in Gyeongbuk, drum-type pots are mostly used. Enteroctopus dofleini accounts for more than 90% of the catch of octopus. For the octopus fishing performance test by trap type, three types of traps (rectangular pot, drum pot and cylinder pot) were used on the coastal sea of Pohang Daebo. As a result, the total catch by pot shape was shown in the order of rectangular-type pot > drum-type pot > cylinder-type pot. The catch of octopus, the target species, was in the following order: rectangular-type pot > drum-type pot > cylinder-type pot. Such result shows a significant difference (Mann-Whitney test, p<0.05).