외국어교육 제29권 제2호 (p.147-165)

중국인 학습자의 한국어 중복자음 연음 오류 분석: 최적성 이론을 바탕으로

키워드 :
Chinese learners/liaison rule/geminate consonant error/constraint type/Optimality Theory,중국인 학습자/연음 규칙/중복자음 오류/제약 유형/최적성 이론,中国人学习者/连音现象/双子音错误/制约类型/优选论

목차

I. 서론
II. OT에 의한 제약 설정6)
III. OT에 의한 한국어 연음현상 분석
IV. OT에 의한 중국어 실사와 허사에 따른 분석
V. OT에 의한 중국인 학습자의 중복자음 연음 오류 분석
VI. 결론
참고문헌

초록

This study was conducted to analyze geminate consonant errors(안에 [an.ɛ] → *안네[an.nɛ]) produced by Chinese learners during their acquisition of Korean linking sounds within the framework of Optimality Theory. The study was further intended to find possible constraints and causes applicable to the error. This paper argues that this error results from the interplay of the Align-R constraint, where the boundaries of a morpheme and syllable are aligned in the learner’s mother tongue, and the onset constraint, which is required for CV, a universal linguistic syllable. This study identifies the cause of the geminate consonant errors among Chinese leaners as the consequence of the simultaneous influences of interference from the learners’ native language and of linking sounds, which occur universally in linguistics.
本文的主要研究目的是在优选论框架内分析中国人学习者在学习韩语连音现象时 出现的重复子音错误。韩语的连音现象可用语言普遍制约条件进行解释说明,而将 同样的语言普遍规则适用到汉语音节中时,则出现了不同的结果。中国人学习者在 应使用连音规则的韩语单词发音中,并非直接使用连音规则,而是在保留了前一音节收音的同时,使用连音规则,从而出现了重复子音的错误。(例如:안에[an.ɛ], 正确发音应为아네[a.nɛ],中国人学习者在学习韩语连音现象过程中的发音为*안 네[an.nɛ]), 本文将利用优选论分析、探索形成此重复子音错误的制约条件以及原因。 本文认为,这种错误是由 Align-R 制约(语素和音节的边界在学习者的母语中对 齐)与 CV(通用语言音节)所必需的‘Onset 制约’相互作用的结果。本研究将中国 人学习者中重复子音错误的原因确定为同时受到了学习者母语干扰与语言学中普 遍存在的连音现象的影响。